Carroll County, Arkansas

Goodspeed's History of ... Carroll County, Arkansas

Towns and Villages Con'd., p. 375.

Eureka Springs: Officials, Town-site Litigation, Businesses

City Officials. -- Mayors -- Elisha Rosson, 1880; John Carroll, 1880-84; A. Davis, 1884-87; F. M. Lawson, 1887.

Clerks -- F. A. Packard, 1880-82; John H. Hamilton, 1882-83; W. F. Daugherty, 1883-87; R. H. Du Bois, 1887.

Police Judges -- E. R. Ray, 1882-83; F. C. Drennon, 1883; Larkin Collins, 1883-84; A. T. Wilson, 1884-87; J. P. McLaughlin, 1887.

Chiefs of Police -- Joe F. Ivey, 1882-83; S. L. Hickerson, 1883-85; W. B. Smith, 1885-87; L. H. Park, 1887; W. M. Dale, 1888; J. C. Higgins, 1888.

Town Council, 1880 -- Jasper Hooker, R. R. Pace, George Beavers, W. H. Jones, John Holden; 1881-- J. S. Tibbs, J. G. Breeding, Zeb. Pettigrew, J. T. Gooding, J. H. Pickett.

Aldermen, 1882 -- First Ward, T. O. P. Terry, J. H. Dolen; Second Ward, R. W. Luther, J. W. Cary, Levi Fuller (vice R. W. Luther, resigned); Third Ward, E. I. Putname, L. Collins; Fourth Ward, E. Jenkins; R. H. Du Bois; Fifth Ward, Isaac Chidester, Z. P. Freeman.

1883 -- First Ward, Peter Landale, T. W. Spear; Second Ward, J. P. McLaughlin, L. Waite; Third Ward, E. I. Putname, L. Collins; Fourth Ward, J. G. Breeding, L. D. Brown, R. H. Du Bois (vice J. G. Breeding, resigned); Fifth Ward, L. H. Park, W. R. Dye.

1884 -- First Ward, W. A. Broad, T. J. Atchison; Second Ward, J. P. McLaughlin, Lee Waite; Third Ward, E. I. Putnam, Robert Cuthbertson; Fourth Ward, J. G. Breeding, R. H. Du Bois; Fifth Ward, L. H. Park, W. R. Dye.

1885 -- First Ward, W. A. Broad, R. H. James; Second Ward, J. P. McLaughlin, G. W. Martin; Third Ward, E. I. Putnam, Robert Cuthbertson; Fourth Ward, W. R. Conant, R. H. Du Boix; Fifth Ward, T. F. Hawley, L. H. Park.

1886 -- First Ward, W. A. Broad, H. Davey; Second Ward, G. W. Martin, J. P. McLaughlin; Third Ward, Robert Cuthbertson, James Smith; Fourth Ward, W. R. Conant, R. H. Du Bois; Fifth Ward, T. F. Hawley, J. B. Mitchell.

1887 -- First Ward, W. R. Nichols, H. Davey; Second Ward, J. W. Newport, J. B. Sanford; Third Ward, H. Seidel, James Smith; Fourth Wardd, T. J. Pointer, J. H. Martin; Fifth Ward, J. B. Mitchell, T. F. Hawley.

1888 -- First Ward, W. R. Nichols, J. H. Holleman; Second Ward, J. W. Newport, J. B. Sanford; Third Ward, H. Seidel, W. H. D. Brown; Fourth Ward, T. J. Pointer, Joseph Maddox; Fifth Ward, A. Smith, J. W. Hyatt.

Treasurers -- Bart Moore, 1881; H. D. Field, 1882-85; J. F. Fowler, 1885-87; E. L. Marsh, 1887.

Attorneys -- P. H. Trone and ------- Cordell were elected to this office by the town council in 1880, but each resigned after a short term of service. H. Glitsch was appointed the same year, and was subsequently elected by popular vote for several successive terms. The office is now vacant.

Marshal -- The town council elected William Kimbrough to this office at its first meeting, April, 1880. John Carroll and J. J. Kirk were the incumbents until 1882, when this office was merged into that of chief of police.

The offices of city surveyor, street commissioner, coroner and health officer existed in the first years of the city government, but have since been abolished.

City Finances. -- The immense expense necessarily incurred in street improvement, and in prosecuting the litigation to secure title to the territory upon which the city is built, have severely taxed its resources. Prohibited from issuing bonds by the State Constitution, and from assessing a tax higher than a certain rate, inadequate to provide sufficient revenue, the city council was forced to the unfortunate expedient of issuing city warrants at from 50 to 85 per cent. less than their face value. The amount of outstanding warrants April 18, 1882, was $71,651.24; April 1, 1883, $75,816.30 the revenue for the intervening period being $36,679.10. This is a summary of the financial condition at the close of the first year of the city government. Much of the indebtedness had been incurred without adequate returns, and in 1883 the board of aldermen made an effort to effect a compromise with the holders of the "scrip." It was partially successful; but Samuel Ashley, the holder of warrants approximating $46,000, declined to compromise on the terms proposed by the city, and instituted proceedings in the United States District Court for the recovery of his claim. The case is still undecided. Exclusive of this claim, the city indebtedness April 1, 1884, was $38,066.45, and has not been materially reduced.

The Town-site Land Litigation. -- Since 1879, and during the period of most rapid growth, public interest and the attention of the municipal authorities have been centered upon this subject, one of vital importance to every citizen. The large population which arrived in 1879, and the succeeding two other years, were of that class generally termed "squatters." The first arrivals staked off their locations, and the Basin Spring was the center around which village indications were first apparent. The committee elected in September, 1879, was charged with the duty of adjudicating differences between rival claimants; they authorized the surveyor, Maj. Armstrong, to lay off lots forty feet square upon the different streets as they were laid out, and through the autumn, as fast as lots were numbered, claimants appeared with the fee of $1, and received from the surveyor a record of entry in the following form:

Eureka Springs, Section No. 15, Township 20, Range 26 west, Carroll County, Arkansas, Lot. No. ___, west side of _________ street, taken by ________.

Received payment,
I. N. Armstrong, Recorder

No individual was allowed to enter more that [sic] two lots, and failure to improve a claim within a specified time involved forfeiture of title. Frequent disputes arose, but the judgment of the committee was supreme and final. Lot No. 1, on the south side of Main Street, was the first surveyed for individual occupancy, and was entered by O. D. Thornton.

Application for Town Site. -- While thus providing for the peaceable distribution of land among themselves, the citizens were not negligent in securing their titles against outside claimants. May 10, 1880, Mayor Rosson made application at the land office at Harrison, to enter as a town site for the people of Eureka Springs the whole of Section 15, the south half of Section 10, and a portion of Section 14, for a portion of which he appeared as contestant.

Private Entries. -- Prior entries had been made in the following order:

September 12, 1879, by Franzisca Massman, cash entry No. 400, northeast quarter of southwest quarter of Section 3, and southwest quarter of northeast quarter of Section 10.

February 23, 1880, cash entry No. 475, northwest quarter of northeast quarter of Section 10.

September 10, 1879, by William Evans, cash entry No. 398, southwest quarter of southeast quarter of Section 10.

October 16 and 27, 1879, cash entries Nos. 408 and 413, northwest quarter of southeast quarter, and east half of southwest quarter of Section 10.

January 2, 1880, by L. M. Lloyd and E. M. Chapman, Cash entry No. 432, southwest quarter of southwest quarter of Section 10.

August 15, 1879, by J. K. Northcutt, homestead entry No. 4884, northwest quarter of southeast quarter, and north half of southwest quarter, and southeast quarter of northwest quarter of Section 15.

August 15, 1879, by Robert J. Alexander, homestead entry No. 4885, southwest quarter of northwestquarter, and north half of northwest quarter, and northwest quarter of northeast quarter of Section 15.

January 27, 1880, by Benjamin Woodruff, cash entry No. 453, southwest quarter of southwest quarter of Section 15.

October 27, 1879, by D. C. Bays, pre-emption entry D. S. 65, southwest quarter of northwest quarter of Section 14, northeast quarter of northeast quarter of Section 15, south half of northeast quarter of Section 15, southeast quarter of southwest quarter of Section 15; patented to j. L. Cox and B. N. Hobbs, January 21, 1861, but patent never issued.

January 23, 1880 by Peter Van Wynkle. cash entry No. 446, southwest half of southeast quarter, and northeast quarter of southeast quarter of Section 15.

Mineral claimants. -- There were a number of mineral claims, those of W. R. Conant, George W. Daly and Conant & Daly, filed July 19, 1880, being the most important.

The mineral and agricultural claimants were at this time in litigation, The Land Commissioner in April, 1881, rendered a decision adverse to the agricultural claimants, declaring certain portions of the town site mineral, and deciding that the applications of both the lode claimants and of the town-site applicants should be allowed. This was highly satisfactory to the latter; but in March, 1882, the Secretary of the Interior reversed this decision, declaring the lands agricultural in character, and remanding the case to the general land office. The commissioner directed the local land officers of the district to take testimony, which was begun September 4, 1882. Mayor Carroll had, in the meantime, twice applied for town-site entry, February 24, 1881 and June 10, 1881. The first application had been refused on the ground that legal proceedings were then in progress to determine the character of the land in question.

Decisions of the Commissioner and Secretary. -- The hearing before the Register and Receiver at Harrison was concluded October 12, 1882. A decision from that office was rendered November 25, 1882, and, with the testimony and papers in the case, immediately transmitted to the general land office. The decision of Commissioner McFarland was promulgated July 19, 1883, deciding the question of priority of right in favor of the city authorities. The case was appealed to the Secretary of the Interior by the agricultural claimants, and in the following year his decison was rendered, affirming that of the commissioner, except in so far as the latter related to portions of Section 10 which were conceded to the agriculturists.

The Final Compromise. -- February 16, 1885, an act of the Arkansas Legislature, to authorize and regulate the manner of disposing of the town-site-lands, was approved. It was made the duty of the council to appoint one person from each ward to grade, classify and price the lots, at values ranging from $1 to $20. Evidence as to title was to be presented to the mayor, and upon his certificate of genuineness the city treasurer was authorized to receive paymet, upon receipt of which the mayor should issue a deed.

It was upon a different basis, however that the final settlement was reached. In February, 1885, the Eureka Improvement Compay, successors to the agricultural claimants, instituted proceedings in the United States Court for the western district of Arkansas to test the legality of the town site title. The city treasury was empty and its credit imapired, while there was a general disposition among the citizens in favor of a compromise, the litigation of five years having discouraged many. The city council requested the citizens to meet en masse, and appoint a committee to co-operate with them, which was done, Joe F. Ivey and J. H. Cameron being respectively chairman and secretary of the meeting. The committee thus chosen met with the council in February, 1885; a proposition from the Improvement Company was received, but not favorably considered, and an abrupt termination of the negotiations was imminent, when the president of the company suggested that the matter be laid over until after the annual meeting of its directors. March 11, 1885, pursuant to adjournment of February 24, the city council and citizens' committee again met, John Carroll, chairman, and J. H. Cameron, secretary. They were met by representatives of the Improvement Company, and after a conference, that continued from 4 P.M. to 4 A. M., a basis of settlement was at length reached. March 19, 1885, the report of the conference was submitted to a meeting of citizens in Downie Hall, by which it was referred for reconsideration to a committee, consisting of John Carroll on behalf of the city, and Powell Clayton as the representative of the Improvement Company. No essential changes were made. The compromise measures were submitted to a vote of the citizens, who declared in their favor by a practically unanimous vote. April 6, 1885, a decree of the United States District Court was promulgated, ratifying the compromise, the main features of which were the following: The Improvement Company was invested with the title to that part of Section 10 entered by George Penn, upon condition that deeds should be executed to the lot-holders thereon at the city appraisement, and that the Dairy Spring should be free to the public forever. The title to the Northcutt and Alexander entries was vested in the mayor of the city, the president of the Improvement Company and John Carroll, by whom deeds should be executed to lot-holders at the city appraisement, to churches without compensation, and all reservations to the city, all property unclaimed within a certain period to revert without compensation to the Improvement Company. A commission was provided for, to consit of one person representing the city and Improvement Company, respectively, and a third, mutually chosen by them, to have jurisdiction in widening of the streets, abatement of nuisances, removal of unoccupied houses, etc., and the Improvement Company was granted the right to operate street car lines, gas and water pipe lines, for a period of fifty years. This compromise honorable and just to all interests involved, removed the incubus of uncertain title which had so longer interfered with the prosperity of the city, while its provisions for public improvements insured a realization of those conditions which attract a desirable class of citizens.

Eureka Springs Railway. -- This road extends from Seligman, Mo., to Eureka Springs, a distance of 18.50 miles. The grade from Seligman, for some distance, is 138 feet to the mile. The general direction of the line is northwest and southeast. There is down grade thirteen miles to White River from the northwest, and six miles from the southeast. A two-span Howe truss iron bridge crosses the White River.

The road was chartered February 27, 1882, and opened to travel February 1, 1883. It was built by the Western Construction Company of Little Rock, Ark. The building of an extension to Harrison, Ark., 49.25 miles, is in contemplation.

The officers are as follows: President and manager, Powell Clayton; vice-president and treasurer, Logan H. Roots; secretary, A. H. Foote; directors, R. C. Kerens, St. Louis, Mo.; Logan H. Roots, Little Rock, Ark.; E. W. Taylor, Jefferson, Texas; Nathan Herrmann, N. Y.; P. K. Roots, Little Rock, Ark.; C. H. Smith, St. Louis, Mo.; Powell Clayton, F. M. Richardson, A. H. Foote, Eureka Springs.

The operations for the year ending December 31, 1887, are here enumerated: Train mileage (passenger, 13,505; freight 13,885), 27390 miles. Passengers carried, 27783; tons freight moved, 24,900. Earnings: Passenger $35,011.52; freight $39,597.74; mail $1,459.68; express, $ 1,415.70; miscellaneous traffic earnings, $18,793.65; total, $96,278.32. Operating expenses: Transportation, $8,194.23; motive power, $5,767.84; general repairs, $2,355.98; maintenance of way, $5,848.39; general expenses, $9,153.68; total $31,320.12. Net earnings from traffic, $64,958.20. Payments: Interest on first mortgage bonds, $30,000; on debt, $30,000' other payments, $542.40; total, $60,542.40; balance surplus, $4,415.80.

Financial statement December 31, 1887: Capital stock (par value $100), $500,000' funded debt, first mortgage 6 per cent. fifty-year bonds, due February, 1933, interest payable February and August, $500,000; second mortgage income 6 per cent non-cumulative bonds, dated February 1, 1883, $500,000' current accounts, $5,774.67; profit and loss, $8,921.60' total, $1,514,696.27. Contra: Cost of roads, franchise, equipment, etc., $1,500,000' due from other railroad companies, $3,568.33; from agents, $64.48; materials and fuel on hand, $3,112.24; other assets, $7,951.22; total, $1,514,696.27. Securities mostly held by construction company.

Rolling Stock: Locomotives, two; cars -- passenger, one; baggage, etc., one; platform, six; service, eight; total sixteen. Other rolling stock is furnished by St. Louis & San Francisco Railway company.

Business Interests. -- First merchants: O. D. Thornton, the first merchant, established his place of business July 6, 1879, with a stock of goods worth about $200. September 13, 1879, Montgomery  Bros. opened a grocery on the opposite side of the street, with a stock worth $150. Mrs. Massman supplied the lumber used in the early building operations from her saw-mill on Leatherwood Creek. William Conant was the first liveryman. The "King House," built by a mrs. King, of Washburn, Mo., across the gulch from the Basin Spring, was the first hotel. The number of business places in the summer of 1881 is given as 100. The first shipment over the Eureka Springs Railway was several cars of hay, of which S. C. Mills was the consignee. Spring and Main Streets, and particularly the immediate vicinity of Basin Spring, have always been the most active business portions of the town, and will doubtless continue so.

The following is a classified list of business places at the present time:

Grocers -- E. S. Timmons, A. L. Baker, Harper & Smith, W. H. Kaylor, McLaughlin & Robinson, J. S. Alexander, Martin & Co., Joseph Beck & Son, Hudson & Henson, Edward Haigler, H. N. Childer, S. T. Dickens, J. M. V. Shreve, H. D. Field, G. S. Brown, G. W. Finn, C. W. Smith, Packard & Gammon, D. H. Hopper, G. W. Malcolm, Joe F. Ivey & Bro.. Levi Fuller & Son, Samuel Hays, S. J. Moore, & Son, E. O. Freeman & Co., Mark Dean, ------- Adams, S. Carrell.

Dry Goods -- Montgomery & Riley, S. Turner, Sam. Fyfe.

General Stores -- T. E. Clark, W. W. Davis & Co., A. J. Ray, Davis & Champlin, Wilson Riley, Nichols & Smith, Cuthbertson & Co., B. N. Nichols, Payne & Haman, R. L. Meaders.

Hardware -- Joseph Breeding, W. G. Jenkins & Co., A. N. Matthews & Co., J. G. Breeding.

Furniture -- W. S. Wadsworth, Sutliff & Bradey.

Druggists -- E. E. Brim, F. Bellchamber, H. T. Pendergrass, T. L. Milner, N. Gibson.

Undertakers -- Z. B. Drummond, W. S. Wadsworth.

Books and Stationery -- H. Fitch & Son, Geo. Baldridge.

Jewelry -- J. P. Shepherd, H. T. Shepherd, H. Fitch & Son.

Butchers -- Lawson & Whitehead, H. O. Kinser, G. & C. Pendergraff, Fanning & Co., F. M. King, Thomas Banham.

Confectioners -- Blockson & Young, Caldwell Bros., Snavely & Bro., G. W. Swett, J. W. Whitten, C. H. Young, Maggie Kimball, W. S. Edwards.

Gents' Furnishers -- John Tobien, Bayless & Ross, James & Beck.

Ladies' Furnishers -- Appie Lee, Mrs. J. G. Cunningham, Mrs. E. W. Roe, Mrs. M. E. Boyd, Bertie Barnett.

Flour and Feed -- W. V. Crow, G. W. Martin, S. C. Mills, G. H. Keeler.

Miscellaneous -- Woodruff & Co., lumber; L. E. Lines, sewing machines; Neill & Co., boots and shoes; M. M. White, notions; John S. Tibbs, Eureka Water Company, water shippers; H. A. Rogers, harness; H. I. Seidel, produce, etc.; W. W. Bell, paints, etc. J. W. Hill, Charles Hurlburt, Jacob Everman, livery and sale stables.

The Board of Trade was organized February 24, 1888. President, R. H. James; vice-president, Z. P. Freeman; secretary, J. B. Bolton; directors A. H. Foote, H. I. Seidel, T. D. Wickersham, F. A. Packard, B. J. Rosenwater, Norbert Valin, J. T. Spring, G. W. Malcolm, J. T. Champlin, G. W. Sweesy.

Hotels have always been a prominent factor in the business of the town. After the first, built by Mrs. King, several others came into existence in rapid succession. The City Hotel, by Mrs. Charles,  on Spring Street, the Gilmore House, Planters' House and Eureka House were among the first. Conner's Hotel on Main Street, known as the Grand Central was the stopping place for new arrivals by the "nine-hour line" from Peirce City. The Mountain House, by Smith & Jackson, and Col. Zeb. Pettigrew's hotel were also in a flourishing condition at this time. The following is a list of hotels in 1881: Southern, Metropolitan, St. Charles, Grand Central, Pettigrew, Mountain, Hancock, St. James, Eureka, Kentucky, Ohio. The Perry House was built in 1881 by Joseph Perry, Esq. of Colorado. W. E. Beatty is the present proprietor of the Southern.

The Crescent Hotel was first opened to the public May 10, 1886, under the management of G. W. Kittelle. The building is five stories high, and is built of a variety of white stone, obtained at quarries on White River. The dining-room is 100x40 feet. The building is practically fire-proof. The Waring system of sewerage is adopted. A park of fifteen acres, presenting many attractions, surround the hotel, The Crescent was formally opened May 20 and 21, 1886, with an attendance of 400 guests and appropriate exercises.

The Eureka Improvement Company was incorporated January 15, 1883. The original organizers were Logan H. Roots, P. K. Roots and W. P. Davison, and a temporary organization was effected January 11, 1883. The permanent organization occurred in August, 1884, when the present officers were elected, as follows: President, Powell Clayton; secretary, A. H. Foote; treasurer, Logan H. Roots. The present directory is constituted as follows: Powell Clayton, R. C. Kerens, Logan H. Roots, A. H. Foote, F. N. Richardson, John O'Day, H. N. Morrill, D. H. Nichols, James Dunn. The company has a paid up capital of $269,100. Its property consists of several hundred acres of land, a large part of which has been laid off into streets and lots, and the Crescent Hotel, described above.

The Inter-state Gas Company, Theodore Platt, president, has succeeded to that part of the Improvement Company's franchise which relates to gas pipe lines. A gas plant has been constructed and is in operation.

The Citizens' Bank, authorized capital $10,000, was organized February 15, 1887, with J. T. Waddell, president, John T. Champlin, cashier, and R. J. Gray, vice-president. J. W. Freeman was elected president in March, 1888. The office of assistant cashier was created in March, 1888, with D. F. Powell as its first incumbent. The banking house of John H. Cameron & Co. was established in March, 1881, and subsequently suspended.

Steam Mills. Webb & Brown's steam flouring-mill was built in the winter of 1887-88. The building is frame, three stories high; it is equipped with three double sets of rolls for wheat and one for corn. The engines are of twenty-five-horse power.

The corner-stone of the Co-operative Milling Company's mill was laid July 21, 1887, with impressive ceremonies. James W. Hart is superintendent, and L. H. Winchell, president.

Societies. -- Bethesda Lodge No. 10, Knights of Pythias, was instituted December 5, 1880, with the following officers: I. A. Newman, P.C.; A. J. Gibbs, C.C.; ----- Howell, V.C.; ----- Owens, P.; John Tobien, M. of E.; T. E. Clark, M. of F.; M. Harrison, K. of R. & S. Present membership, forty. Connected with this is a section of the endowment rank, instituted March 26, 1881; President, Joe F. Ivey; Secretary, T. E. Clark.

Eureka Division, U.R., K. of P., was instituted with  twenty-eight members, J. T. Waddill, S.K.C.; Joe F. Ivey, S.K.L.C.; J. H. Edmonson, S.K.H.

Eureka Springs lodge No. 83, I.O.O.F., was instituted March 24, 1881, with the following members and officers: S. W. Damon, N.G.; J. Q. Cowles, V.G.; Wilson Broyles, Secretary; Joseph Willett, D. C. Boswell, Edward Eads. Present member-ship fifty-nine.

Basin Spring Lodge No. 386, F. & A.M., was instituted November 23, 1881. First officers: E. T. Walker, W. M.; H. H. Moose, S.W.; H. Glitsch, J.W. Present membership, sixty.

Eureka Chapter No. 82, R.A.M., was chartered November 27, 1884, and was organized under a dispensation granted April 9, 1884, to H. H. Moose, J. W. Cary, Peter Lamlaker, Henry D. Field, J. S. Tibbs, F. F. Hastings, S. L. Hickerson, R. W. Goudelock, D. B. Lukey, J. C. Cunningham, R. J. Gray, S. C. Reading, F. Belllchamber, W. C. Pendergrass, j. B. Fulton.

Cyrene Commandery No. 9, K. T., was constituted July 15, 1885; first officers. J. W. Cary, E. C.; H. D. Field, G.; S. C. Reading, C.G.

The Order of the Eastern Star is represented by two organizations.

Ruth Lodge No. 10, I.O.O.F., was instituted October 25, 1886, and numbers sixty members.

The W.C.T.U. was organized April 21, 1886; first officers, Mrs. C. C. Cook, president; Mrs. Miner Davis, vice-president; Miss Kate Richardson, secretary; Mrs. L. M. Himes, treasurer. Present membership, 100. Mrs. J. C. Fraker is the present efficient president.

The Y.W.C.T.U. was organized May 9, 1886; reorganized October 31, 1887, with thirteen members, the officers being Miss Appie Lee, president; Miss Hattie Fraker, vice-president; Miss Mollie Gird, secretary; Miss Maggie Moore, treasurer.

Newspapers. -- The Echo. In November, 1879, T. J. Hadley removed his printing outfit from Olathe, Kas., to Eureka Springs, and issued the first number of the Echo February 21, 1880. This was the pioneer newspaper of the city. A. B. Adams was in partnership during the first four months of its history, when he retired. In September, 1880, Hadley disposed of the paper to H. A. Nickell and J. B. Lowe, by whom it was continued until October, 1882. Nickell had become individual proprietor by this time, and moved the officce to Ozark, Ark. In August, 1883, A. B. Adams bought a printing outfit to Eureka Springs, and Volume I, No. 1 of the Echo appeared September 5, 1883. It was a three-column, four-page paper. The Daily Echoing Nemesis first appeared Thursday, April 23, 1885. D. P. Cloyd was associated with Mr. Adams in this enterprise for a time. The name has since been changed to the Daily Echo, in connection with which a weekly edition is published, both under the proprietorship and management of Mr. Adams. The paper is Democratic in politics.

The Times. The original predecessor of the Times was the Republican, established in 1881 by Murphy & Penn, who retired at the end of nine months, when the paper was run in the name of S. K. Morgan for a time. Perry & Spears were the next proprietors, and assumed control February 15 1882, changing the name to the Times and politics to Democratic. June 20, 1885, the Times was consolidated with the Bulletin, established April 15, 1881, by Lucius Hitchcock, the consolidation taking the name of Arkansaw Times-Bulletin. Don J. Perry had previously retired from the Times. May 15, 1884, H. A. Cook succeeded Spear & Hitchcock, and in November, 1887, Sweeney & Weymouth, the present proprietors, took charge. The name has been changed to the Times, and under the present management, the paper has returned to its original political faith.

A number of definite journalistic efforts have been made at various times.

The annual meeting of the Arkansas Press Association was held at Eureka Springs in May, 1884.

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