Indian Mounds near Heckatoo, Lincoln Co,
Submitted by Jann Woodard
Sarassa Indian Mounds
Field notes made January 3, 1883 while locating and and excavating
The outline drawing of this group of mounds marked (B)
shows them correctly.
They are of sandy loam, and have been cultivated for years. They are
scattered over with brick stuff, pieces of pottery and stone
The materials left under the soil appears to be only 18 inches under
to the limited examination I could make. The cultivation of the land
this also. As the mound was covered over with cotton not gathered, the
owner did not wish it disturbed, besides the earth was very moist.
the following plowing whatever is found is to be sent to the National
These mounds are arranged around a space of 5 acres of ground and are
3 1/2 to 4 ft. high and 25 to 30 ft. in diameter. The mounds vary
in distance apart from 10 to 150 ft. At the lower part of the plot is a
slough covered with weeds and water and from this earth may have been
to make the mounds. Specimens found on surface are numbered.
Pottery = 71416
Stone Implements = 71413 - 14, 15, 17, 18, 19, 21
Arkansas History Commission
Small Manuscript Collection
Ed Palmer Papers
Jan 3, 1883 - arrived at Heckatoo. Captain Felix
R.R. Smith entertained
me. It rained 3 days and nights making it wet and miserable. Adams
2 miles W. from Heckatoo, Lincoln Co., Ark. Field notes January 3,
This mound is near the Smith mound on land belonging to
Major J.D. Adams.
It is in NW quarter section 20 Westside near the NW corner Range 7 S 5
W and is 60 ft. W. of a cyprus Bayou. This mound is 20 ft. high
ft wide and 90 ft. long. Trees 2 ft. through are growing on its summit.
Its summit was covered by deer and other wild animal tracks. Its
appearance is that of a mass of yellowish waxy clay. A cut was made 6
deep and running 6 ft. back. Nothing but stiff clay was found, not even
a bone or piece of pot. On the top a cut was made downward with the
result. The land around is low and during heavy rains is more or less
water. The soil is very sick and covered with cane and large trees.
Smith's Indian Mound near Heckatoo in Lincoln
Survey made January 1883. On the farm of Felix R. R. Smith in S.W.
section 17 Range 7 S 5 W. It is 7 ft. high, 30 ft wide and 38 ft. long.
Stump of a tree 2 1/2 ft. in diameter stands on the top. A cut 3 ft.
and 3 1/2 ft square was made. Sandy loam 6 inches, and the rest was
clay with no evidence of occupation. Not even ashes or a scrap of
Around is very rich soil, but low and covered with fine timber. A
swamp is near.