Obituaries on Arkansas Citizens in the 1800’s


Atkins, J. W. G.-, 2

Baxter, Elisha, Governor, 2

Blake, John T.-, 3

Bragg, Walter Lawrence, Captain, 4

Brower, D. A., Editor, 4

Cohen, Albert, Captain, 5

Crockett, Robert H., Colonel, 5

Crockett, William Keene, Colonel, 5

Cross, Edward, Judge, 6

Drew, Thomas Stevenson, Governor, 6

Dunn, Dorothea Infant, 7

English, Elbert Hartwell, Judge, 7

Evans,  Isabella Mrs, 7

Fagan, James Fleming, Major General, 7

Forrest, Nathan Bedford, Lieut.General, 8

Garland, Augustus Hill, Governor, 9

Hanna, William Samuel, 9

Henderson, W. H., Judge, 10

Johnson, James Junius, Major, 10

Karr, John, Judge, 10

Luce, John Bleeker, 10

Newton, Robert Crittenden, General, 11

Paddock, F. S., Dr, 11

Pearce, Henry Niles, Bishop, 11

Phelps, John Smith, Arkansas Military Governor, 12

Pike, Albert, General, 13

Railroads, 16

Rector, Henry Massie, Governor, 17

Rice, Nannie J. Mrs, 17

Richardson, Edmund, 17

Richardson, John Patton, 18

Roane, John Seldon , Governor, 18

Robbins, Hiram, Judge, 19

Roots, Logan Holt, 19

Smith, W. W., Judge, 19

Solomon, William Augustus, 20

Tuck, Toby B, 20

Waters, Sarah A. Mrs, 20

Whitfield, William E., Lieutenant, 21


Atkins, J. W. G.-Obituary:Washington Post. Apr.15,1891-Atkins-On Friday Apr.3,1891, at 5:30 pm, at the residence of his brother in law, Dr.H.M.Newman, 2103 Pennsylvania Ave. J.W.G.Atkins, of Arkansas, late U.S.Special Examiner of Pensions, in the twenty sixth year of age.

Baxter, Elisha, Governor-Obituary:Ex-Governor Elisha Baxter of Arkansas died at his home in Batesville, Ark. yesterday. He was born in Rutherford Co., N.Carolina on Sep.1,1827. His education was received in the public schools of his native county. He removed to Arkansas when a young man, and soon rose to prominence in that state. He became Mayor of Batesville in 1853. In 1854 and again in 1858, he was elected a member of the Legislature. When war was declared between the States he took part on the Union side, and was promoted in 1863 to the Colonelcy of the Fourth Ark.Mounted Infantry. At the end of the war he was elected United States Senator, but was not permitted to take his seat on ground that his state had not then been legally reconstructed. From 1868 to 1872 he was Judge of the Third Judicial District of Arkansas, and in the spring of 1872 he was nominated for Governor by the wing of the Republican party which supported Gen.Grant, the Liberal, or Greeley, wind nominating Joseph Brooks. There was no Democratic nomination, and they generally favored Brooks. This election led to one of the most bitter conflicts of the reconstruction period. The vote was canvassed by the General Assembly, and Baxter was declared elected. Brooks alleged that fraud had been practiced at the polls, and appealed, unsuccessfully, to the Legislature, The United States Circuit Court, and to the State Supreme Courts, and, in the absence of counsel for Baxter, obtained a judgment against him, and proceeded to eject him forcibly from office. The quarrel between the candidates for the Governorship spread rapidly to their adherents throughout the entire state. Many took up arms to support the cause of one or the other. There was even some bloodshed, but more was prevented and order restored by the timely arrival of Federal troops. Both parties then appealed to the President, but Gen.Grant refused to interfere until he had the opinion of his Attorney General. Although the vote had been canvassed Jan.6,1873, it was not till May 15,1874, that the President’s decision settled the dispute. The decision favored Baxter, and Brook’s faction immediately disbanded.  In a message to Congress Feb.8,1875, Gen.Grant expressed the deliberate opinion, however that Brooks had been legally elected. Baxter held the office until the adoption of the new State Constitution, in the autumn of 1874. He had been declared elected for the full term of four years, and the new Constitution reduced the term to two years. The Republicans, despite the fact that even the President had acknowledged that his decision, which seated Baxter in an office to which he had not been elected, was an error, urged Baxter to hold on the office for two more years, or for the full term of four years. This he refused to do. His subsequent life was uneventful. New York Times, Jun.3,1899.-Bio: Tenth Governor of Arkansas, 1873-1874. The 1872 gubernatorial election was between two Republicans, Baxter and Joseph Brooks. Baxter won the official count, but Brooks contested the outcome. After Baxter was inaugurated, a circuit judge ruled that Brooks had been elected and was the rightful governor. Skirmishes erupted between the two camps in what was known as the Brooks-Baxter War. At least fifty deaths occurred during the conflict. President Grant ultimately intervened and sided with Baxter. The Brooks forces disbanded, leaving Baxter to complete his term. A new state constitution in 1874 brought about the end of Reconstruction in Arkansas, and the end of Baxter's political career. Born Sep.1,1827 Died May 31,1899 Buried Oaklawn Cemetery, Batesville, Ark.

Blake, John T.-Obituary:Kansas City, Mo., Apr.14-Capt. John T. Blake, ages sixty three years, a capitalist, died at his home in Kansas City here last evening of consumption. He was a freighter on the old Sante Fe trail, later was appointed post office inspector by Lincoln, raised a company in 1861, and fought in thirty battles in Kansas, Missouri, and Arkansas, winning special commendation for his gallantry. Washington Post, Apr.15,1899. Born Mar.28,1837 Died Apr.13,1899 Buried Union Cemetery, Kansas City, Mo.

Bragg, Walter Lawrence, Captain-Obituary:Walter Lawrence Bragg-Commissioner of the Interstate Commerce Commission, died yesterday at Avon-by-the-sea, N.J. He was suffering from the effects of wounds received during the war, and had been in failing health for two years. He was born in Alabama Feb.25,1838. His parents moved to Arkansas in 1844, and his boyhood home was thenceforth at Ouachita in that state.  He was graduated from Harvard University in 1858, and soon after began the practice of law in Camden, Arkansas. During the war he served on the Confederate side, mostly with the Army of Tennessee, and came out with the rank of Captain. After the war he settled in Alabama, and in 1871 made his home in Montgomery. For three years, from 1874 he was the Chairman of the Democratic Executive Committee of that state, and in 1876 was sent as a delegate to the St.Louis convention, where he was made a member of the Democratic National Committee for Alabama. He was an elector on the Hancock-English ticket for the state in 1880. In 1881 he was appointed President of the Alabama Railroad Commission, and reappointed two years later. President Cleveland appointed him an Inter-state Commerce Commissioner in 1887, and again in 1889. He was highly respected by his associates on the commission, and was a most arduous worker. He leaves a wife and son. The body will be sent to Montgomery today. New York Times Aug.22,1891.

Brower, D. A., Editor-Obituary:D.A.Brower-Editor D.A.Brower Dead-Little Rock, Jul.10-D.A.Brower, Editor in Chief of the Arkansas Gazette, died last night at Colorado Springs, Colo., of consumption. He had been in Colorado a month. He was a native of Virginia, removing early in life with his parents to Lima, Ohio, where he spent his youth. When quite young, he entered a printing office, and in 1858 edited the Memphis Argus. He later became editor of the Arkansas Gazette. He was one of the best newspaper men in the South, and a clear, terse writer. He was about sixty years of age and unmarried. Atlanta Constitution, Jul.20,1893.

Cohen, Albert, Captain-Obituary:Albert Cohen-One of the oldest and most prominent citizens of Little Rock, Ark., died at his home yesterday. He was born in Dusseldorf, Germany, Oct.15,1834, and went to Little Rock in 1856. He was a Captain in the Confederate Army and was a member of the Little Rock School board for the last ten years. He the first Grand Master in Arkansas for the Knights of Pythias and also was a past Grand Master of the Odd Fellows. He leaves a wife and two daughters-Mrs.A.C. Carroll and Mrs.George H.Lee. New York Times, Dec.2,1892. Enlisted as a Sergeant.-Enlisted in Company A, 6th Infantry Regiment Arkansas.

Crockett, Robert H., Colonel-Obituary:Col.Robert H.Crockett-One of the leading politicians of Arkansas, and only surviving grandson of Davy Crockett, died at Stuttgart, Ark. Thursday. Crockett was about 40 years of age. New York Times, Jan.10,1891.

Crockett, William Keene, Colonel-Obituary:Col.William Keene Crockett-Died Sunday evening at his residence in Waukegan, Ill., in his seventy third year of age. He was a Kentuckian by birth, and a lineal descendant of Davy Crockett. He was prominent as a horseman, being interested in the breeding of pure blooded trotters for about forty five years, first in his native state, then in Illinois. Lulu. 2:13 ¾, was bred by him, as well as Star Hamiltonian and Judge Hayes, prize winning stallions. While a resident of Kentucky he was delegated to go abroad to select horses and cattle for that state. New York Times, Feb.24,1891.

Cross, Edward, Judge-Obituary:Edward Cross-Little Rock, Apr.6,1887-Edward Cross, Judge of the Federal Court of the Territory of Arkansas from 1832 to 1838 and member of the 26th, 27th, and 28th Congresses from Arkansas, died today at the age of 89 years. Chicago Tribune, Apr.7,1887.-US Congressman. He served as a Democrat to the Twenty-sixth, Twenty-seventh, and Twenty-eighth United States Congresses, serving from 1839 to 1845. In his last term in the House of Representatives he served as chairman, Committee on Private land Claims. Born and educated in Tennessee, he earned his law degree and moved to Arkansas in 1826,and in 1830 was appointed United States judge for the Arkansas Territory. He served as United States surveyor general for Arkansas from 1836 until elected to congress in 1838. After his three terms he was not a candidate for another term and served as judge of the State Supreme Court from 1845 to 1855. He served as president of the Cairo and Fulton Railway from 1855 to 1862 and finished his career as attorney-general for Arkansas. Born:Nov.11,1798 Died:Apr.6,1887 Buried:Marlbrook Cemetery, Blevins, Ark.

Drew, Thomas Stevenson, Governor- Born:Aug.26,1802 Died:Jan.1879  Lipan, Hood Co., Texas-Arkansas Governor. Moving from Tennessee to Louisiana in childhood and then to Arkansas as a teenager, Drew worked in his early adulthood as a school teacher and an itinerant salesman. His political career began with his appointment as Clerk of Clark County in 1823, followed within a few months by his becoming Justice of the Peace. When Drew married Cinderella Bettis in 1827, her father gave the couple eight hundred acres of land, which Drew spent the next several years developing successfully. He continued his involvement in politics, even while he was farming and speculating in the railroad industry. He was a delegate to Arkansas's Constitutional Convention in 1836 and was elected Governor in 1844. Arkansas's first governor to be elected by a plurality, Drew had run as a Democrat, having been selected by party leaders to help unite factions. He received forty-seven percent of the vote in a close three-way race. Four years later, running with no opposition, Drew was reelected with 15,962 out of 16,455 votes. Near the beginning of his second term, however, personal financial problems led him to resign. He died in poverty while living with his daughter in Lipan, Texas, where he was originally buried in the Old Baptist Cemetery. In 1923 an act of the General Assembly of Arkansas created a committee to go to Texas and exhume Drew's remains, bringing them to be buried in Pocahontas, Arkansas.-Atlanta Daily Constitution, Georgia:Obituary Feb.11,1879 An Old Governor Dead-Little Rock, Ark.-Feb.10-Thos.S.Drew, elected Governor of Arkansas in 1844 and again in 1850, died recently in Texas.

Dunn, Dorothea Infant-Obituary:Dorothea Dunn-The friends of Hon. Representative and Mrs.Poindexter Dunn, of Arkansas, are invited to attend the funeral of their infant daughter, Dorothea, from their residence, 1510 O. Street Northwest, Wash.,D.C. at 4pm on the 19th instant. Washington Post, Sep.19,1888.

English, Elbert Hartwell, Judge-Obituary:Elbert Hartwell English-Judge H.E.English, Chief Justice of the Arkansas Supreme Court, died yesterday at Asheville, N.C. The body will be taken to Little Rock for interment. He was elected Chief Justice in 1854,.1860, and 1880. He was for twelve years the Masonic Grand Master for the state. New York Times-Sep.2,1884.

Evans,  Isabella Mrs.-Obituary:Mrs.Isabella Roy Evans-Died in Arkansas-Sugar Grove, Ark., July 10-The death from consumption of Mrs.Evans, the wife of the Rev.Henry J.Evans near Sugar Grove, Ark., occurred a few days ago. Mrs.Evans is a cousin of A.C.Walker and Judge Reuben Carswell, and was an estimable lady. Atlanta Constitution-Jul.11,1885.

Fagan, James Fleming, Major General-Obit:Little Rock May 30-Col.Fagan dies here today. He was stricken with malarial fever three days ago. Obituary:Gen.James Fleming Fagan, of Little Rock, Ark., is dead. He went out as Colonel of the First Arkansas Infantry, and commanded first a brigade, then a division east of the Mississippi. New York Times, Sep.3,1893. Born Mar.1,1928 Died Sep.1,1893. Civil War Confederate Major General. At the start of the Civil War, he joined the Confederate Army and was elected Colonel of the 1st Arkansas Infantry. He led his regiment at the battles of Shiloh, Farmington, Siege of Corinth and was promoted Brigadier General in September 1862. He participated in the Battle of Helena, the Red River Campaign and in the Camden Expedition, which led to the Federal retreat from southern Arkansas. In recognition for his service in the Camden Expedition, he was promoted to Major General in April 1864. He commanded the Arkansas Cavalry at the Battle of Forth Davidson, Missouri in September 1864 and was in command of the District of Arkansas until April 1865. After the war, he engaged in farming and was appointed US Marshal by President Ulysses Grant in 1875.

Forrest, Nathan Bedford, Lieut.General-Chicago Tribune, Oct.30,1877-Memphis, Tenn., Oct.29-Born:Jul.13,1821 Chapell Hill, Bedford Co., Tenn.-Gen.Bedford Forrest, the great Confederate Cavalry officer, died at 7:30 this evening at the residence of his brother, Col.Jesse Forrest. Nov.1-The Forrest Funeral:Memphis, Tenn., Oct.31-The funeral of Gen.Forrest took place at noon, at the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, the Rev.Dr.Stainback, who had been a private soldier under Forrest officiating. Not only the church, but the street for squares, was crowded with people. Among the pall bearers were Jefferson Davis, Gov.Porter, the Hon.Jacob Thompson and Col.Matthew Campbell Galloway, and Dr.Cowan and Maj.Rambant, of Forrest’s staff. After the service was concluded, the funeral cortege took up the line of march, up Second and down Main, and was composed of mounted ex-Confederates preceding the hearse; mustered., Odd Fellows, Chickasaw Guards, Bluff City Grays, Memphis Light Guards, Memphis Artillery, ex-Confederate soldiers, ex-Union soldiers, civil organizations, Mayor and City Council, Fire Department, and citizens on foot. Business was suspended during the funeral ceremonies, and thousands of persons lined the sidewalks to witness the honors paid the deceased. The remains were interred at Elmwood, with the Odd Fellows’ rites and military honors. The General was dressed in his old uniform, at his own request, and as the casket containing the remains was carried into the church it was almost impossible to keep back the crowd, so anxious were all to take a last look at his face.

Garland, Augustus Hill, Governor-Obituary:Washington, Jan.27-Brief funeral services over the remains of the late Attorney General, Augustus Hill Garland, will be held at the Colonial Hotel tomorrow afternoon, at 2 o’clock, Rev.Father Lee of St.Matthews Catholic Church, conducting them. Then the remains will be taken to the Baltimore and Ohio railroad for a train leaving for Little Rock at 3:45pm. The honorary pallbearers will be Justice Harland, Justice McKenna, Attorney General Griggs, J.H.McKenney, Clerk of the United States Supreme Court; Senator J.K.Jones and Senator Berry, of Arkansas; Senator Arthur P.Gorman, Rep.T.C.McRae, Rep. W.T.Terry, Jeremiah M.Wilson, Walter D.Davidge. The active pall bearers will be H.J.May, former law partner of Mr.Garland; Rep.Hugh Dinsmore, James Marr and William Stansbury, of the Supreme Court; R.W.Hobson, Holmes Conrad, Major Frank Strong and Colonel Robert A. Howard.  Rufus Garland, a son, and Mr.J.K.Jones, Jr., will accompany the remains to Arkansas. Another son, Mr.Sanders Garland, being unable to go because of a recent severe illness. The train scheduled in Little Rock by 8 o’clock Monday morning. The body will lie in state and the final services will be in charge of a committee of the Arkansas legislature. Interment will be in Mt.Holly Cemetery. Atlanta Constitution, Jan.28,1899. Born Jun.11,1832-Bio: 11th Arkansas Governor, US Senator, Presidential Cabinet Secretary. Served as Governor of Arkansas from 1874 to 1877. Elected as a Senator from Arkansas to the United States Senate, serving from 1877 until he resigned in 1885 to accept the appointment of United States Attorney General in the cabinet of President Grover Cleveland. He served in that capacity from 1885 until 1889.

Hanna, William Samuel-Obituary:William Samuel Hanna, a prominent politician of Arkansas died yesterday in Morrilton of that state, aged sixty years. He was a cousin of Senator Mark Hanna. New York Times, Sep.8,1899.

Henderson, W. H., Judge-Obituary:W.H.Henderson-Hon.W.H.Henderson Dead-Little Rock, July 25,1890-A Lehome special to the Gazette announces the death of Hon.W.H.Henderson, Ex-Attorney General of Arkansas. He was a Federal judge in New Mexico during the Cleveland administration. Los Angeles Times, July 26,1890.

Johnson, James Junius, Major-Obituary:Major James Junius Johnson, Anniston, Ala.-Sep.30,1898-Major James Junius Johnson, commander of the Second Battalion, Second Ark., Spanish American War Era, who has been ill for a week with typhoid fever, died last night of heart failure. Major Johnson was a prominent businessman of Little Rock, Ark. The remains will be carried there tomorrow for interment, accompanied by an escort of honor, under command of Captain Pearson, Co.E.

Karr, John, Judge-Obituary:Judge John Karr died yesterday, Dec.24,1894, at Little Rock, Ark., aged sixty. He was a native of Sandusky, Ohio., and was a neighbor and classmate of Ex-President Garfield in his boyhood. He served through the war in the Regiment in which Garfield was General, he being Captain of a company. He went to Arkansas at the close of the rebellion, and Garfield wanted to make him Postmaster of Little Rock when he was elected President. He declined the offer so he might give his attention to The Rural Workman. He was founder of the Cincinnati Times, now the Times Star, which he edited for several years. He was also at one time an editorial writer on the Commercial and other leading Ohio Republican journals. New York Times, Dec.25,1894.

Luce, John Bleeker-Obituary:John Bleeker Luce-The Struggle Over the Choctaw Claim Hastens His Demise-John B.Luce, of Arkansas, died yesterday morning at his rooms, 1307 F. Street, Wash, D.C., after nearly two months illness from general debility and exhaustion, consequent upon the long struggle over the Choctaw claim. His brother, Admiral Luce, and his wife and daughter, who came here from Eureka Springs, Ark., to attend him, were at his bedside when he expired. Dr.Stanton was the attending physician. Mr.Luce was the principal attorney for the Choctaw Nation in the claim brought by the latter half a century ago against the United States for the value of certain lands. He entered the case as far back as 1852 and persistently pushed it until the Supreme Court gave a judgment of nearly $3 million last November in favor of the Choctaws. Mr.Luce’s fee, under a written contract he had, amounted to $150 thousand. The tedious and protracted contest, with the excitement of victory, brought on nervous prostration from which, in his old age, he could not recover. Washington Post, March 13,1887. Born:Feb.3,1816 Died:Mar.12,1887-Buried:Oak Hill Cemetery, Wash., D.C.

Newton, Robert Crittenden, General-Obituary:Gen.Robert Crittenden Newton, a leading lawyer, and since the war one of the most prominent Democratic politicians in Arkansas, died on Thursday night in Little Rock. He commanded the Arkansas forces during the Brooks-Baxter War of 1874, and was the chief spirit of the element that triumphed. Jun.4,1887-New York Times-Born: Jun.2,1840 Died:Jun.2,1887 Buried Calvary Cemetery, Little Rock.

Paddock, F. S., Dr.-Obituary:F.S.Paddock-A Prominent Physician Dies-Little Rock, Jan.17-Special-Dr.F.S.Paddock died at his home in Fayetteville, Ark., this morning. He was a leading physician of Northwestern Arkansas and one of the founders of Fayetteville. From 1861 to 1864 he did a large drug business in Chicago. His widow was Miss Mary Brewster of Philadelphia, a niece of Judge J.M. Tibbetts. Chicago Tribune, Jan.18,1885.

Pearce, Henry Niles, Bishop-Obituary:Bishop Henry Niles Pearce of the Protestant Episcopal Diocese of Arkansas, died yesterday at Fayetteville, Ark. He was born in Pawtucket, R.I., Oct.19,1820, and was graduated from Brown University in 1842. He was ordained a deacon in 1843, and a priest in 1849, at Matagorda, Texas. After several years of missionary work in Washington Co., Texas he became rector of St.John’s Church at Mobile, Ala., and in 1868 he accepted the rector ship of St.Paul’s Church in Springfield, Illinois. In 1870 he was consecrated Bishop of Arkansas and Indian Territory, and in the following year when Arkansas was erected into a diocese, he was made its diocesan, still retaining charge of the Indian Territory mission, Bishop Pierce was the author of “The Agnostic, and Other Poems,” and several volumes of sermons. In 1862 he received a Doctor of Divinity from the University of Alabama, and in 1869 the Degree of Doctor of Laws from William and Mary.  New York Times, Sep.6,1899.

Phelps, John Smith, Arkansas Military Governor-Obituary:Ex-Gov.John Smith Phelps, of Missouri, died at the Sister’s Hospital in St.Louis last night. He had been an invalid for several months. He served eight terms in Congress, and resigned to enter the Union Army during the rebellion. He was elected Governor of Missouri in 1876 and served for four years. He born Dec.22,1814, and was 72 years of age, a graduate of Trinity College, and a native of Simsbury, Ct. He also served as military Governor of Arkansas, to which position he was appointed by Pres.Lincoln in 1862. While in Congress he was one of the foremost in advocacy of cheap postage schemes, and of the Pacific railroad enterprise. New York Times, Nov.21,1886. Civil War Union Brigadier General, US Congressman, Missouri Governor. Born in Simsbury, Connecticut, he received a local education and attended Trinity College in Hartford. He studied law under his father, Elisha, a respected politician and lawyer in the state. He was admitted to the bar in 1835. Two years later he migrated to the frontier town of Springfield, Missouri, establishing a prosperous legal practice. Elected as a Democrat to the state legislature in 1840, and to the US House of Representatives in 1844, he developed a reputation as a skillful debater. During his 18 consecutive years in the national Congress, he championed Federal funding for the building of railroads, the establishment of an overland mail line, and reduced postal rates. He was among the earliest proponents of admitting California and Oregon to the Union as free states. After the firing on Fort Sumter in April 1861, he returned to Missouri from Washington D.C., and organized Phelp's Regiment, a 6-month unit he led in heavy fighting on the second day of battle at Pea Ridge, on March 8, 1862. His brief military career ended in July when President Lincoln appointed him military Governor of Missouri. On November 29 Lincoln also appointed him Brigadier General, but his commission expired in March 1863 when Congress failed to confirm the appointment. Ill health forced him to resign the governorship, and by 1864 he was once again practicing law. Better known as an efficient, personable politician than a soldier, he reentered public life as the Democratic candidate for governor in 1868. He was defeated because so many former Confederates within the party had been disenfranchised by Reconstruction legislation pushed through Congress by Radical Republicans. Over the next several years he labored successfully to ease war-related antipathies within the state Democratic party. He then led the party to victory in the gubernatorial election of 1876. After completing his 4-year term of office, he pursued his legal career until his death in St. Louis. His son was Union brevet Brigadier General John Elisha Phelps. Phelps County, Missouri, is named in his honor.

Pike, Albert, General-Obituary:Albert Pike-Gen.Albert Pike, Grand Commander of Scottish Rite Masonry of the Southern Jurisdiction and the Chief of the Royal Order of Scotland in this country, died last evening at the home of the Supreme Council of the order in Washington, where he had lived for several years. He was conscious to the last, and the end was to all appearances painless. His two grown sons and his daughter were at his bedside when he died. The cause of death was a paralysis of the organs of the throat which prevented the taking of food or beverages since the 21st of the last month. Gen.Pike was an author, editor, lawyer, soldier, and poet of the old school. He was born in Boston, Mass., Dec.29,1809, and when sixteen years of age he entered Harvard, graduating in 1829. His career then became one of romantic interest. In 1831 he made his way on foot to Sante Fe, and in the following year he explored the headwaters of the Red and Brazos Rivers, fighting his way against Indians, with four companions, from whence to Ft.Smith, Ark. Here he became a lawyer, editor, revising the Arkansas statutes and becoming prominently  indentified with the embryonic Territorial Government. His most lucrative practice was with the Indians in their dealings with the Federal Government, and on one occasion he received a single fee from the Cherokee nation amounting to $100,000. Out the outbreak of the Civil War Gen.Pike was made Indian Commissioner by the Confederate Government, and subsequently was made Brigadier General and given command of the Dept. of the Indian Territory and of all the Indian regiments. In March 1862, at the head of several regiments of Cherokees, he took part in the battle of Pea Ridge, Ark. The General who commanded the Federal troops in this engagement reported that the Indians under Pike shot arrows and took scalps from their prisoners. This charge was afterward investigated by Congress, but it was never confirmed. Gen.Pike always had a warm place in the hearts of the Cherokees, who at one time called him their King. After the war Pike settled at Little Rock and subsequently at Memphis, where he formed a law partnership with Gen.Charles W.Adams. He was a editor for the Appeal for several years, writing meanwhile four volumes of poems and a number of articles for the Edinburgh Review. He had the largest and most costly library in the South. His works on Masonry are regarded as of the highest authority. In 1874 he published a work on comparative philology, and in the following year he wrote with great rapidity, three volumes of poems. For many years he lived in Washington City, making only occasional visits to his old friends the Indians and citizens of Arkansas. His home was a veritable curiosity shop, the General being a great collector. Birds and pipes were his favorite hobbies. In recent years, notwithstanding his great age, the General was studying Sanskrit, of which he translated seventeen volumes since 1875. In personal appearance he was strikingly handsome, tall, and erect, with long, snow white hair. He leaves a daughter, Miss Lillian, and two sons, who resided with him in Washington. The arrangements for the funeral will be made by the Scottish Rite body. It is said that Gen.Pike has appointed Josiah H.Drummond of Maine as his successor as head of the Royal Order of Scotland, and it is probable that his successor in the Scottish Rite will be either Surgeon General J.M.Browne of the Navy, Thomas H.Caswell of California, or Thomas M.Dudley of Kentucky. New York Times, Apr.3,1891. Confederate Brigadier General. Although he was born and raised in Massachusetts and was against both slavery and secession he was unwilling to support the Union cause and joined the Confederate Army, being commissioned a brigadier general on November 21, 1861. In 1831 he left Massachusetts  and ventured west where he joined a party of trappers and hunters on expeditions that led him to Oklahoma, Texas and New Mexico before settling in Fort Smith, Arkansas in 1834. In Arkansas he became a teacher, editor and owner of a newspaper as well as a successful lawyer. He was an advocate for the Native American Indians and helped garner a three million dollar settlement for the Choctaw Indians from the US Senate. With the outbreak of the Mexican War he joined the cause, commanding a troop of volunteer cavalry that was credited for its honorable performance at the Battle of Buena Vista. After the war he assumed his law practice. In 1849 he was admitted, along with Abraham Lincoln, to practice before the US Supreme Court. At the start of the Civil War he assisted General Ben McCulloch in formulating alliances American Indian tribes. After being commissioned brigadier general he led a brigade of Native Americans at the Battle of Pea Ridge. His charges did not perform well and allegations made regarding his troops' conduct forced him to resign his commission, be arrested and be briefly imprisoned in Texas. Distrusted and held in contempt by many Southerners and considered a traitor by many Northerners he spent several years after the war as a wanderer. He lived in New York in 1865 but fled to Canada after being accused of inciting an Indian revolt. President Andrew Johnson pardoned him in August of 1865 and he returned to Arkansas where he was charged with treason. After vindicating himself he moved to Memphis, Tennessee to practice law and edit a newspaper before settling in Washington DC where he continued his practice and edited The Patriot. Although he lived a wild and colorful life as a frontiersman and soldier he may be best known for his writings. He was an avid reader who loved the classics and became proficient in Hebrew, Greek, Latin and French. During his lifetime this complex and controversial man wrote Prose Sketches and Poetry Written in the Western Country (reportedly the first published work dealing with the area west of Arkansas), Hymns to God and Other Poems, Lyrics and Love Songs, Maxims of the Roman Law and Some of the Ancient French Law, as Expounded and Applied in Doctrine and Jurisprudence and Morals and Dogma of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry. He died at the house of the Scottish Rite Temple in Washington DC at the age of 81.

Railroads-New York Times-Aug.6,1883-Railroad Note-St.Louis-Aug.5,1883-That part of the Kansas City, Springfield, and Memphis Railroad between Springfield and Hoxie, Arkansas to the point where it intersects with and crosses the Iron Mountain and Southern Railroad is completed, and passenger trains will commence running tomorrow. The entire line is completed except for 14 miles, which will be finished in a few days, and the Road will be opened for business from Kansas City to Memphis. The new project to build a narrow gauge road from St.Joseph through eastern Kansas, Southwestern Missouri, and Arkansas to some point on the Gulf of Mexico in Louisiana has been settled upon, and the Board of Directors and the following officers have been elected:President-Adam Nave, of St.Joseph; Superintendent-Joseph Harrison. It is the intention of the board to issue 5,000,000 bonds, 80 percent of which will be taken by an English syndicate, the remainder to be disposed of in this country. The survey of the line will be commenced at an early day.

Rector, Henry Massie, Governor-Obituary:Little Rock, Aug.12-Henry Massie Rector, Seventh Governor of Arkansas died today, aged eighty three. Washington Post, Apr.15,1899. Bio: Sixth Governor of Arkansas from 1860-1862 and State Supreme Court Associate Justice. Born May 1,1816 at Mountains’ Ferry, near Louisville, Ky. Died Aug.12,1899 Buried Mount Holly Cemetery, Little Rock, Ark.

Rice, Nannie J. Mrs.-Obituary:Mrs. Nannie J. Rice-On Thursday, Mar.7,1889 at 7pm., Mrs.Nannie J. Rice, wife of Ex-Senator Benjamin Franklin Rice of Arkansas (1868-1873 b.New York1828 d.Tulsa, Ok.1905), at the National Hotel, aged 51 years. Washington Post, Mar.9,1889. Buried:Oak Hill Cemetery, Wash. D.C.

Richardson, Edmund-Obituary:Edmund Richardson-Death of Col.Ed Richardson-New Orleans, Richardson, Edmund, Colonel-Jan.13,1886-Colonel Edmund Richardson, a leading cotton merchant of New Orleans, the richest man in the south and the largest cotton planter in the world, was stricken with apoplexy at Jackson, Miss., Monday at midnight, and died before assistance could reach him. He was a native of N.Carolina, and was worth  from 10 to 15 million. He was the owner of nineteen plantations in Louisiana, Mississippi,  and Arkansas, with over 50,000 acres. Born Jun.28,1818 Died:Jan.11,1886-Atlanta Constitution, Jan.14,1886- Planter and Business Mogul. Richardson began acquiring cotton acreage as a young man and, though losing almost everything during the Civil War, went on to become a multi-millionaire with the largest cotton acreage in the country and second only to the Khedive of Egypt in the world. He owned forty plantations in Louisiana and served as President of The World’s Industrial and Cotton Centennial Exposition in New Orleans in 1884-1885, donating $25,000 of his personal funds to the event. In addition to his agricultural interests, Richardson was involved in shipping and manufacturing. Richardson's monument, hand-carved in Italy, is the tallest in Greenwood Cemetery, Jackson, Miss.

Richardson, John Patton-Obituary:John Patton Richardson-Of New Orleans died on his plantation near Delhi, La., last evening, aged thirty six years. He was the son of the late Edward Richardson, who was known as the cotton King, and inherited many valuable plantations. He was President of the Warren Miss. Cotton Mills, employing 1200 hands and was interested in various enterprises in Chattanooga, Vicksburg, and elsewhere. He was worth between $5 and 8 million, and his fortune was rapidly increasing under his judicial management. New York Times, Dec.15,1891. Buried: Lafayette Cemetery, N.O.,La.

Roane, John Seldon , Governor-Born:Jan.18,1817 Died:Apr.8,1867 Brigadier General, Arkansas Governor. Born in Lebanon, Tennessee, his uncle, Archibald Roane, was a former Tennessee governor. John Roane attended Cumberland College in Kentucky. In 1837, he relocated to Pine Bluff, Arkansas, to study law with his brother, Samuel Calhoun Roane, an Arkansas plantation owner, attorney and politician. John Roane became a prosecuting attorney for the Second Judicial District at Van Buren, Crawford County. Arkansas. He returned to Pine Bluff in 1842, and served in the House of Representatives from 1842 to 1844. In 1844, he was named Speaker of the House. Two years later, Roane was involved in the Mexican War, becoming second in command of Archibald Yell's Arkansas regiment. He fought in the Battle of Buena Vista, which claimed the life of Archibald Yell. There was controversy over leadership of the troops in that battle, primarily from Albert Pike, who eventually fought a duel with Roane in 1847. The duel took place, but neither man was harmed in the incident. Roane became the fourth governor of Arkansas, serving from 1849 to 1852. He replaced Thomas Drew, who had resigned his office. Roane did not seek re-election. During the course of his term, Calhoun County and Sebastian County were added to the state of Arkansas, and funding for education was increased. Roane married Mary K. Smith, and the couple had five children. Roane later served as a Brigadier General during the Civil War, and fought at the Battle of Prairie Grove. Following the war, he returned to Pine Bluff. John S. Roane died on April 8, 1867. Interment was at the Oakland Cemetery in Little Rock, Arkansas. -New York Times Obituary:April 22,1867 Obituary:Ex-Governor John Seldon Roane, of Arkansas, died on the 8th inst., in his home near Pine Bluff, Jefferson County, that state, after a long illness. He was elected Governor of Arkansas on the Democratic ticket in 1848. He served in the Mexican War, attaining the rank of Colonel. During the rebellion he was an officer in the Confederate Army, and was appointed the rank of Brigadier General.

Robbins, Hiram, Judge-Obituary:Judge H.Robbins-Little Rock, Ark. Jan.21-Judge Hiram Robbins, one of the most widely known men in Arkansas, died rather suddenly this afternoon. Robbins was the Arkansas judge who resigned to go to the Klondike gold fields and was one of the passengers on the ill fated steamer Eliza Anderson, wrecked in the North Pacific two years ago. Atlanta Constitution, Jan.22,1899.

Roots, Logan Holt-Obituary:Logan Holt Roots-Died at Little Rock, Ark., yesterday of congestion of the brain. He was a member of Congress from Arkansas in 1874. For sixteen years he was President of the First National Bank and prominent in political and financial affairs. He was a Director of the Iron Mountain Railroad. Col. Roots was Commander of the State Grand Army of the Republic, and had been a leading Republican for thirty years. He was Vice President of the National League of Republican Clubs. Col. Roots was the wealthiest man in Arkansas, and was well known as a financier. He was born in Perry Co., Illinois, March 21,1841, and was graduated from the Normal University of that state. In 1862 he took an active part in raising troops for the war, and was appointed a Quartermaster, and subsequently served as Commissary of Subsistence with the rank of Colonel. After the war he settled in Atlanta as a planter. New York Times, May 31,1893. Buried Oakland Cemetery, Little Rock, Ark.-

Smith, W. W., Judge-Obituary:W.W.Smith-Death of an Arkansas Judge-Little Rock, Oct.18,1888-Assoc.Justice William Wright Smith of the Arkansas Supreme Court, from 1882 to 1888, died tonight of consumption. Los Angeles Times, Oct.19,1888. Born:Oct.2,1838 Buried:Mount Holly Cemetery, Little Rock, Ark.

Solomon, William Augustus-Obituary:William Augustus Solomon-Died on the 5th instant, near Ft.Smith, Ark., in the fiftieth year of his age, son of the late William Solomon of this city. Atlanta Constitution, Georgia-Nov.6,1883

Tuck, Toby B.-Obituary:Born 1861-Toby B.Tuck-He died at 5:30 o’clock this evening, June 21st, 1883, at the residence of Mrs.D.E.Burnett, at No.65 Jones Ave. He was a native of Arkansas, was born and reared at Lonoke in that state. He arrived in Atlanta, Dec.22,1881, and soon established himself among his many friends as an honest, upright, generous companion. On the 29th of May 1882, he married Miss Emma Burnett of Atlanta, and since that time has resided at the residence of his wife’s mother. On the 23rd day of January last while in the employ of the East Tennessee, Virginia, and Georgia railroad company, engaged in the yard of company, he was run over by the switch engine, and lost his left foot. Since that time he has been confined continually to his bed and room. On Monday, the 18th, Robie Lee, a little daughter, was sent to brighten the household of the newly married couple. The many friends of Toby, followed him to his final resting place in Oakland Cemetery, Friday evening. June 23,1883-Atlanta Constitution, Georgia-Rest of the story: Married on 5/29/1882 to Toby B. Tuck of Arkansas. ON 1/23/1883 he lost his foot in a railroad accident. He then died on 6/22/1883. She died just five days later. Then their child, Robbie Lee died 7/1/1883. Within two weeks, all three family members had died. So very, very sad for this family

Waters, Sarah A. Mrs.-Obituary: News was received here yesterday of the death of Mrs. Sarah A. Waters, widow of Colonel Henry A. Waters. She died near Billmore, Stone Co., Ark., on the 11th instant, and was buried there. Mrs. Waters had many friends and relatives here and in LaGrange that will remember her as Miss Sarah Cameron. Atlanta Constitution, Sep.19,1897

Whitfield, William E., Lieutenant-Obituary:Lieut.William E. Whitfield-U.S.Navy, died Friday at St.Elizabeth’s Insane Asylum, Washington. He was appointed to the Naval Academy from Arkansas as midshipman Jun.21,1870. On July.17,1875, he was made Ensign, and on Aug.30,1881 made Master. On Mar.3,1883, he made Lieutenant, junior grade. He had a sea service of six years and eight months, and shore duty for four years and eight months. For seven years and two months he was unemployed. He resided at Camden, Ark. for many years. Jan.12,1890 New York Times. Buried at Arlington Nat.Cemetery, Arlington, Va.

Published May 3,2011-Paul V.Isbell Newspaper Obituaries