History of Ambrose Harnage
(before he moves to Arkansas.)
--he was married to his 1/2 Cherokee wife
Nancy "Nannie" Sanders Harlan.   They lived in Cherokee Nation in GA.
Donated by:  <Hisdogbo@aol.com >
Ambrose born in Georgia, England or Scotland and some say Ambrose was an orphan son of Isaac  (See further information)
Most of the people related to Ambrose & his 1st wife say Ambrose was born 1790 in England
1805 Georgia Land Lotteries F285 W6 by Virginia Wood shows AMBROSE HARNAGE (orphan of Isaac) drew a blank
for land lottery--Columbia Co.  His ID#  415--Could this be our Ambrose Harnage
Fact 1  Ambrose Harnage m. Nancy Sanders Harnage abt. 1810 in Cherokee Co. GA
 Debra Schafer  said book Home Hearth vo. 1 First Court House in Cherokee Co says AMBROSE married in 1810 in
Cherokee Territory, Georgia (now Tate County)  Nancy "Nannie" Sanders  Harlan . who  had 1st been married to George
Harlan & had 5 children with George Harlan. Nancy Sanders  was 1/2 Cherokee,  a daughter of Michael Mitchell Sanders
( an Englishman) b. 1751 in England & Susannah, a Cherokee of the Bird Clan from Talking Rock.   This source said
Nancy was born in Cherokee Territory GA (now Tate Co) but Ronald Jackson says Nancy "Nannie" was born in
Hiawasee Cherokee Nation, East, TN.  Bill Hamm (deceased) l said Nancy's last child by her 1st husband George
Harlan was born 4 May 1804 in TN.  So this places Nancy Sanders Harlan in Tennessee in 1804 but in 1810 she
meets AMBROSE HARNAGE in Cherokee Co. GA.
Fact 2 Ambrose Harnage and Nancy Sanders Harnage had 5 children:
 (1).  William Harnage b. 5 June 1811 Cherokee Nation, East; D. Westville, OK 15 July 1886             m. Sugar Hill, AR
Washington Co. Martha (Patsy) Snow b. abt. 1815, Arkansas.
 (2)  George W. Harnage b. 1814 Cherokee nation, East; d. 1874 Smith Co. Texas m.                     Nancy Mayfield
 (3)  John Griffith Harnage b. 16 Jan 1817 Cherokee Nation, East; d. 12 Jan 1891 Tahlequah             district,
Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory, Oklahoma (buried Tahlequah City                     Cemetery) m. Ruth   Starr
(their 1st child was born in 1839 & died 1843)- 2nd                     marriage to Emily Walker    Mayfield (sister to Nancy
Mayfield who was George                 Harnage's wife)  He had 2 children by Ruth and 8 more with Emily.
 (4)  Andrew Jackson Harnage b. 20 Jun 1818 Cherokee nation, East; d. 27 May 1847
Smith Co. Texas-   -buried Asbury Cemetery, Smith Co. Texas
 (5)  Elizabeth Harnage b. 20 Aug 1820 Cherokee nation, East; d. 27 May 1847 m. John                     Adair Bell
(Elizabeth's father, Ambrose Harnage, sold his land in
Washington Co. Arkansas to John A. Bell--no doubt this is the John A. Bell that                 was listed)
Her mother had died and Ambrose was married to Ann E.                                 Washington Harnage at the time
Fact 3 -- Ambrose Harnage may have had a brother Jacob Harnage.   Both Jacob & Ambrose are listed in the TREATY
OF MAY 6, 1828.  This Jacob married Jennie Timpson & had son Jacob Harnage Jr.
 Listing of Cherokee emigrants.  Included are Ambrose Harnage & Jacob Harnage
Fact 4--1828-Lawsuit to recover certain Negroes-- From: REDSKI9136@aol.com   Case# 163 11/12/1828
Edward Adair vs Ambrose Harnage to recover certain Negroes; for defendant witnesses: Samuel Candy (16 days -$12);
John Wright (10 days- $7.50); Nancy Talley (11
days-$8.25); James Brown (7 days-$5.25); Thomas Pettit (12 days-$9); William
Hicks (6 days-$4.50); Nancy Hicks (15 days-$11.25); Dr. Murry (7 days-$5.25); case stayed 6 months 11/13/1828 W.S
.Adair, security; execution issued & delivered to Joseph M. Lynch, Mars
Fact 5-- The above Jacob Harnage had a son Jacob Harnage Jr. who married Sally Harlan, who was a stepdaughter of
Ambrose Harnage because  Sallie's parents were Nancy Sanders Harlan & George Harlan .(not positive Jacob Harnage
Sr. is Ambrose's brother??
CHEROKEE EMIGRATION ROLLS 1817-1835 by Jack Baker Call # NC 9l29.3 AA67 B16 found in  Guilford Co.
Library N.C.--Greensboro N.C. lists
Nov 3 1829 Jacob Harnage--number in family 1 Residence--Savannah, Georgia
(Is this Jacob Sr. who later  m. Jennie Timpson (Indian) or  son Jacob Harnage Jr. who m. Sallie Harlan (daug of George
Harlan & Nancy Sanders--stepdaughter to Ambrose --as Sallie parents were Nancy Sanders & her 1st husband George Harlan.
We whose names are hereunto subscribed do acknowledge that we have voluntarily enrolled ourselves as emigrants for
the Arkansas Country under the treaty made between the United States & the Cherokees of Arkansas on the 6th of May
1828 & do hereby relinquish to the United States all right and claim to our lands on the East for lands on the West of the
river Mississippi, the United States agreeing to pay us for our improvements and transport us to that country, furnish us
provisions by the way and for one year after our arrival, & give each warrior a rifle gun & the other articles agreeably
to the provisions of said
Fact 6-- Ambrose Harnage was listed as having 5 children, that he was a farmer   Book-- Whites Among The
Cherokees--Georgia 1831:
AMBROSE HARNAGE    WIFE   5 children  occupation was  FARMER (this would have been his ½ Cherokee wife
Nancy "Nannie" Sanders & their 5 children.)
Fact 7--Ambrose had 20 Black slaves--June 1 1832 # 203 AMBROSE HARNAGE- Residence Long Swamp--
1 white 4 Reds 20 Blacks
 Total 25
June 1 1832 #204 JOHN HARNAGE--Residence Long Swamp-- 1 Red Total 1 (this must have been  Ambrose's son)
Fact 8--Residence of AMBROSE HARNAGE.
A white, HARNAGE lived in the Cherokee Nation In GA because his wife was NANNIE SANDERS.  She was the
daughter of Michael Mitchell Sanders & his wife Susannah, a Cherokee of the Bird Clan from Talking Rock.  His house
was a story and half log and frame dwelling and tavern.  The FIRST COURT IN CHEROKEE COUNTY was held in this
large building in Dec. 1832.
Book "HISTORY OF CHEROKEE INDIANS" by Emmet Starr page 11 is a picture of the "First Court Houses" in
Cherokee County-- Lot 147:   Indian improvements, 40 acres, 60 acres, Tan yard stables, etc.  Samuel Tate purchased
this property in 1834.  Later the HARNAGE TAVERN burned and a new house occupied the site.  Colonel Sam Tate
tore this one down & replaced it with the beautiful Pink Marble Mansion.  The old place received the name
HARNAGEVILLE due to being a post office.  Later the post office was named Tate.
Book--INDIANS OF PICKENS COUNTY by Robert Scott Davis, Jr.--At Tate, mixed blood families operated 2 taverns.
On the East side of Long Swamp Creek was the tavern of James Daniels.  On the west side of the creek, where the Pink
Marble Mansion now stands, was the tavern of AMBROSE HARNAGE & his Cherokee wife, Nanny Sanders Harnage.
When the state of Georgia took over the Cherokee Lands in 1832, the only white court held for the whole vast area of N.W.
Georgia was held in the Harnage Tavern.
Fact 9--Ambrose Harnage  was listed as wealthy white man living in Long Swamp in Harnageville (Cherokee Co).
Fact 10-- Ambrose Harnage lineage is questionable--
Bev has no documentation of any of the following info except what was put on the internet by Linda Walker, Debra Schafer
and John Rogers)  Debra Schafer--tickers96@yahoo.com --- Linda Walker (lwalker2@tampabay.rr.com--and John
Rogers--jrogers791@aol.com .  They   said:
AMBROSE HARNAGE'S lineage was: questionable??
Is Isaac Harnage Ambrose's father?--
 1805 Georgia Land Lotteries Columbia Co. GA F285 W6 by Virginia Wood shows AMBROSE HARNAGE  (orphan of Isaac)
drew a blank for land lottery--Columbia Co.  His ID# was 415--Could this be  our Ambrose Harnage?
Debra Schafer--tickers96@yahoo.com--Linda Walker --lwalker2@tampabay.rr.com -- and John Rogers--
jrogers791@aol.com on the internet said
AMBROSE HARNAGE'S lineage was: ???
 Stephen Harnage
 Jacob Harnage
 George Harnage--married Mary
 Jacob Harnage Sr
 Isaac Harnage--b. abt. 1770 Unknown died bef. 1805 Columbia Co. GA.  He married Unknown.  She died bef. 1805 in
Unknown.  Isaac is apparently the son of Jacob, but in 1800 is living in Columbia Co. GA
 AMBROSE HARNAGE b. abt. 1792 Columbia Co. GA d. 20 Oct 1842 Washington Co. AR.
Thala Susag ( tjsusag@aol.com) says AMBROSE served as a tobacco inspector in Scotland prior to his  arrival in America.
 His job was  to report on tobacco arriving from the colonies.  His line is  related to Jacob's, going back to England for
common ancestors.
(d)  Bill Hamm-deceased in 2004 --says AMBROSE HARNAGE, an Englishman, came to America in 1810 and settled
among the Cherokees in Georgia.  (another source on internet says Ambrose b. 15 July 1780 Shropshire  England and his
father was Isaac Harnage.  When AMBROSE & his wife Nancy moved west to the Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory,
they settled at Sugar Hill south of Cincinnati, AR in 1839  (This date is not right because Nancy died 11 July 1834 but
this could possibly be Ann E.  Washington after she married Ambrose.  She married him  before 1839) As Major Ridge
was  leaving the Ambrose house on the morning of June 22, 1839, Major Ridge was assassinated  about 10 A.M.
Bill Hamm says some of his info came from "Descendants of Nancy Ward
(e)  some say Ambrose was an orphan son of Isaac
Fact 11--Dec. 3, 1837  AMBROSE HARNAGE  claimed property to settle debt  Pg. 820. Decatur DeKalk County--
property of John Tombolin to be sold to give money to Ambrose Harnage because he owed Ambrose Harnage money
This had  to be after "Ambrose moved to AR.
Fact 12 -Nancy Sanders Family-Book--Indians of Pickens County by Robert Scott Davis, Jr. describes Nancy Sander's
brothers. The Sanders brothers: George, John & Andy lived at Talona in now Pickens Co.  George went with the chiefs
to Washington when they went to treat with the Government.  On the way back he died & was buried in Raleigh, N.C.
John was a noted "Linkester" (interpreter).  The Sanders brothers owned quite a number of slaves & were considered
rich men.  Michael Mitchel Sanders, an Englishman from VA (Ronald Jackson said English trader from Virginia) born
1745 married Susannah, a full blood Cherokee born 1752 in Talking Rock Creek area, Coosawattee District,
Cherokee Nation.   (these are Nancy Sander's parents)  Susanna was of the "Bird Clan" (Anitsiskwn).
History Of Cherokee Indians by Emmet Starr p. 621-22 says she was of the Long Hair Clan but p. 11 of same
book says Bird Clan & so does source, Bill Hamm
Fact 13--Ambrose Harnage sold his land in Georgia and moved with his half Cherokee wife to Arkansas--living near
Cincinnati Arkansas on Sugar Hill (or Cane Hill)  Nancy  died July 11,  1834 in Arkansas  (all sources on
Ancestsry.com says she died in Newton, Arkansas;.  Some say she was born in GA; others say Crockett, TN or East TN)
(Bev's comment----can't find Newton,  AR--Joe Smith--researcher--thinks Ambrose & Nancy Sanders Harlan Harnage
could have been buried in Sebastian Co. AR but bet it was Sequoyah Co. AR.  Uniontown is near the border of OK.
Ambrose & Nancy "Nannie" Sanders Harnage were  forced to leave Georgia because the U.S. Government took
over the territory)
Fact 14--Ann E. Bobo Ray WASHINGTON  married Ambrose  Harnage at least by Jan. 1839 in Arkansas .  Ann's
1st marriage was to J.C.B. WASHINGTON by 1825 when they were in Franklin, Howard Co. MO.  She had 3 sons
by Mr. Washington--Leonidas b. 1828 MO, Charles Carroll Washington b. 1832 MO & George Washington b. 1835
in Mississippi.  Ambrose & Ann Washington Harnage  were married & living in Van Buren Arkansas in Jan. 1839--not
sure when Ann's 1st husband  J.C. B. Washington died but it had to be after 1835 when their son George Washington
was born in Mississippi)
Fact 15-- Ann E. WASHINGTON & J.C.B. WASHINGTON had 3 sons( he had previous children by a 1st marriage)
        (a)  Leonidas Washington b. 1828 in MO  according to 1850 Washington Co. AR                         `    Census but
1860 Upshur Co. Gilmer TX Census says b. 1830?
        (b)  Charles Carroll Washington b. 1832 MO
        (c)  George L. Washington b. 1835 in Mississippi
        More about the Washington Children in AR History
Joe Smith, a researcher said J.C.B. Washington, Ambrose Harnage & maybe even Nancy Sanders Harnage could be
buried in Sebastian AR but more likely Sequoyah Co. OK. Uniontown is close to the border of OK.
Need to check all this out.
Cherokee County Historical Society in Dec. 1981--info from internet  at www.rootsweb.com/~gacherok/h_cher.htm
The land later known as Cherokee County was long as island inhabited by Indians surrounded by whites.  To the west lay
developing Alabama, to the north Tennessee whose white settlement began before the Revolution, to the east the Carolinas
and to the south across the Chattahoochee was Georgia.  As early as 1750, paths of traders from Charleston and Augusta
on the east and from Fort Troulouse near Wetumpka, Alabama on the west criss-crossed the land.  During the Revolution
British-led Indians fought American-led Indians --a site where the Cherokees had a pony race track.  The white man began
moving into Northwest Georgia early in the 1800's; but by 1825 there were still only 220 white men, women and children
living among the 13,000 Indians and their 1277 slaves.  This part of North Georgia along with the extreme northeastern
section of Alabama, southeastern Tennessee, and southwestern North Carolina was  the ancestral homeland of the
Cherokees, and was known as the Cherokee Nation.  The Cherokees considered themselves a sovereign nation and
declared their nation completely beyond the control of the State of Georgia or the United States governments.  In 1827 the
Cherokee Nation agreed upon and adopted a written constitution and a code of laws in which they denied the jurisdiction
of the state over the land, and proclaimed themselves to be on the distinct, autonomous nations of the world.  They also
adopted a law which prohibited any person from living in the Cherokee nation without first having obtained a permit
from them.  This proved to be a very serious mistake and chilled relations with the State Federal Governments, and
eventually led to their forced moved to the Western Territory.  But before the removal and in an effort to maintain
control over the Indian Territory, the Georgia legislature in 1827 passed an Act "extending the State's authority
over the Cherokee Territory and placing it under the jurisdiction of the court of Carroll & DeKalb Counties."
Interestingly enough this legislation did not annex the Cherokee Nation to Carroll & DeKalb counties but only
extended their legal jurisdiction over the Cherokee Nation.  This was done, no doubt, in direct response to the
declaration of sovereignty by the Cherokees and as a means of controlling the territory and affording protection to
lives and property.  The next year, 1828, the legislature did add the Cherokee Nation to the counties of Carroll,
DeKalb, Gwinnett, Hall, and Habersham and this curious and unclear legal existence continued for 3 years.  The
discovery of gold in the territory brought hordes of people and it soon became apparent that a legal survey &
lottery of the lands was imperative.  At the time the residents of the territory, Indian and settler alike, found
themselves in a precarious legal predicament.  The Indians claimed ownership of the land; the State had annexed
the Indian land' the United States laws forbade anyone setting or trading on Indian Territory without a proper
license from the U.S. government, the State of Georgia had extended its jurisdiction, legally or not, over all the
Cherokee land applying them as of June 1, 1830, to Indians as well as settlers.  The Cherokee laws provided
that no one could settle or trade on their land without a permit from their officials.  This uncertain state of affairs
continued until 1832 when the first lottery was held.  But by this time one thing had become certain;  like the
Creek Nation before them, the Cherokee Nation would soon become politically overpowered by the State
and Federal governments and these proud people would be moved away to make room for the settlers who
came in increasing numbers in search of gold.  In Dec. 1831 the legislature passed an Act creating "Cherokee
County" describing the boundary as being "all the territory lying west of the Chattahoochee River and North
of Carroll County--to be called Cherokee".  This new county comprised 6,900 square miles, an area almost
6 times the size of the State of Rhode Island and containing all the Cherokee Indians occupied land remaining
in Georgia. The bill also provided that on the 1st Monday in Feb. 1832 all persons entitled to vote were to
assemble at the house of AMBROSE HARNAGE to elect 5 justices of the Inferior Court, a Clerk of the
Superior Court, a Clerk of the Inferior Court, Sheriff, Coroner, Tax Receiver, Tax Collector, and a County
Surveyor.  This legislation also provided for division of the county into Captain's districts, erection of public
buildings, authorized the Justices of the Inferior Court to select grand and petit jurors and fixed the time for
holding Superior Court and Inferior Court.  It was provided that the new county would become a part of the
Western Judicial Circuit and a part of the 1st brigade, 7th Division of the Georgia Militia.  In Dec. 1832
Senate Bill 23 divided Cherokee into 10 smaller counties.  It placed all 10 counties in the Cherokee Judicial Circuit.
1..  Whites Among The Cherokees  Call # E99 KC5 W37
2.  Bell, George Morrison; Genealogy of Old & New Cherokee Indian Families--Family Group
No. H- 275 ( I didn't see this reference.  It was given by Debra Schafer
(tickers96@yahoo.com)  over the  internet
3.  Home Hearth Vol. 1 "First Court House in Cherokee Co. Lot 147 ( I didn't see this                 reference.
It  was given by Debra Schafer over the internet
4  Davis, Robert Scott Jr.; Indians Of Pickens County
5.  Starr, Emmet; History Of Cherokee Indians
6.  Cherokee County Historical Society in Dec. 1981Glimpses Of Cherokee County --info             from internet
at www.rootsweb.com/~gacherok/h_cher.htm
7.  Wright, Jerry Jordan; Cherokee By Blood  (9 volumes)--haven't seen these volumes
but they were  listed--not sure what info they contain.
8.  Cherokee Heritage Center --Doesn't know where Ambrose Harnage is  buried but they do
know he died 20 Oct 1842.
 9.  Baker, Jack; Cherokee Emigration Rolls 1817-1835 (pertains to Georgia but book was
at Guilford  Co. Library Greensboro N.C. Call # NC 929.3 AA67 B16