Ben ALLEN, sherriff of White Co. & a resident of Searcy, is ever found prompt & faithful in the discharge of his official duties & his record is one which reflects credit & honor upon himself & has proven highly satisfactory to his constituents. A native son of Ark., he was born in Cleburne Co., Sept 23, 1872, his parents being Thomas & Missouri (BUTLER) ALLEN. The ALLEN family has been represented in this state from pioneer times. The grandfather, Eli ALLEN, was a native of Virginia, born in 1804 & followed farming in that state ere his removal to Ark. in 1818. He first made his way to New Orleans, thence up the Mississippi & White Rivers to Des Arc, from which point he traveled to Heber Springs, becoming one of the earliest settlers in that district. He fished, hunted, trapped & carried the furs to Ark. Post, trading among the Indians. He had seen hundreds of buffaloes in droves on the western plains & he passed through all of the experiences & hardships of pioneer life. In the early days he was a squatter but afterward entered land from the government & engaged in farming and on his land he reared his family. He departed this life at the age of 85 years. His son, Thomas ALLEN, was born in what was then Van Buren Co. & is now Cleburne Co., in 1823, & his life record covered the intervening years to 1888, when his death occurred. His wife was born in Missouri & died in 1919 at the age of 65 years. Thomas ALLEN was educated in the old-time subscription school, the schoolhouse being a log structure with split log benches & puncheon floor. Reared amid pioneer surroundings he became familiar with all of the conditions of life on the frontier & bore his share in the work of early development & progress. In 1861 he enlisted for service in the Confederate army, joining the Tenth Ark. Infantry, with which he served the greater part of the time, going to Miss. under Capt. MILLER. He participated in the battle of Shiloh & served throughout the period of the Civil War. With his return from military life he again settled in Van Buren Co., where he followed the occupation of farming, homesteading land in that locality. The tract which he secured was covered with timber & he had to clear most of this. At one time he owned a thousand acres of land, for which he paid only a dollar an acre. In the early days most of his trading was done at Batesville, at Des Arc & at Little Rock. He crossed the ice on the Ark. River at Little Rock in order to get to market. There was much wild game to be had in this section of the country in those days and the hunter had no difficulty in securing meat for the table. During the Civil War Mr. ALLEN lost everything he had accumulated and when he returned home his stock consisted only of an old mule. With undaunted courage he took up the task of regaining his lost possessions & for many years engaged in general farming & stock raising. At a later day he removed to Texas, where he purchased land & his last years were spent in the Lone Star State. He always gave his political allegiance to the democratic party & both he & his wife were consistant members of the Missionary Baptist Church. In their family were born 9 children, 6 of whom are still living: J. G., a practicing physician, residing at Commerce, Texas; Ben, of this review; John, living in Hunt Co., Tex., where he follows farming; Theopholis, a photographer, also living in Hunt Co., Tex.; Vester, a government mail clerk, living at Waco, Tex.; and Dora, the wife of Joe TEDFORD of Pueblo, Colorado. One daughter, Effie, died at the age of 23 years & the 2 children died in infancy.

Ben ALLEN was educated in the common schools of Heber Springs & remained in Cleburne Co. through the period of his boyhood & youth. He afterward taught for a few terms in the rural districts of Cleburne Co. & then took up the occupation of farming. He bought & cleared land, securing a part of his father's old homestead & devoted his attention to the task of developing the fields and producing substantial crops. In 1893 he came to White Co. & entered the employ of the Millen Lumber Co. at St. Louis, Missouri, occupying the position of general manager for 8 years. He next purchased 160 acres of land near Beebe & while engaged in farming there he served as constable & as deputy sheriff for a period of 8 years. He was afterward elected justice of the peace at Beebe & occupied that position for four years, while in 1920 he was elected to the office of sheriff, entering upon the duties of the position on the 1st of Jan., following, and is serving in an acceptable manner. He still owns his farm of 112 acres, from which he is deriving a good rental.

Mr. ALLEN was married to Miss Jennie THOMPSON, who was born in White Co., Ark., a daughter of Wes Thompson, a farmer & stock dealer. They have become parents of six children: Opal, who is the wife of Albert BEVILL, a farmer of White county; Homer, farming in the same county; Nellie, the wife of Elbert WALLS, a barber of Cabot, Arkansas, Elvis, Velda and Oatley, all at home. Mrs. ALLEN is a member of Presbyterian church. Mr. ALLEN belongs to the Masonic lodge at Beebe and is also identified with the Woodmen of the World. His political endorsement is given to the demcratic party and keeps well informed on the vital questions and issues of the day. In all matters of citizenship he stands with those men who are seeking to promote progress and uphold high civic standards. (From "A Centennial History of Arkansas", edited by Dallas T. Herndon, the Director of the Dept. of Archives & History, published by The S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., Chicago-Little Rock, 1922.)


Jan. 19, 1936 - Ark. Gazette (has photo)
Mrs. Baucum was Rebecca Darrington McRae, 3rd daughter of Roger Daniel Pontiac McRae, a lawyer of Mobile, AL, and sugar planter of LA, & Margaret Bracy McRae, formerly of Charleston, SC. Mrs. Baucum was b. Jan. 28, 1847, at Mobile. She was educated at St. Agnes Convent, Memphis, TN, and finishing schools in New Orleans. After her father's death during a Cholera epidemic, Mrs. Baucum came with her mother, Mrs. McRae, and the family slaves, to AR. Mrs. Baucum was the sister of Gen. Dandridge McRae. Mrs. Baucum d. in Little Rock, June 28, 1922.

Daughters: Miss Margaret Baucum & Mrs. Floyd H. Fulkerson who was Miss Georgie Baucum. One son died in infancy.

Grandchildren: George Baucum Fulkerson, Floyd H. Fulkerson, Jr., Margaret McRae Fulkerson.

Colonel Baucum m. 1st Miss Gover Critz, dau. of Col. John P. Critz of Searcy. There were 2 children by this marriage: a son who d. when a baby, & one dau., Miss Kate Baucum, now Mrs. Gordon Greenfield.

Colonel Baucum was the son of Daniel & Kathryn Baucum, b. Feb. 1, 1837, at St. Charles, MO. He spent the greater part of his life in Ark. At outbreak of the War Between the states, he lived in searcy & joined the Confederate forces. He was made a lieutenant in the 8th Ark. Infantry, then major. In 1862, on reorganization of the army of TN, he was made Col. of the 8th.

After the war, Col. Baucum returned to Searcy, and operated a mercantile business with G. B. Greer. In 1885, Col. Baucum moved to Little Rock & formed a partnership with Col. R. A. Little & J. M. Percival, as G. F. Baucum & Company. Col. Baucum owned a plantation at Baucum, 10 mi. east of Little Rock. Miss Margaret Baucum & Mr. & Mrs. Fulkerson live at the plantation home now. Col. Baucum also owned a plantation on the Ark. River in Saline Co.

Col. Baucum was at one time president of the Bank of Little Rock, and a founder of the Board of Trade. The Baucum home was located at 202 Izard St. where Col. Baucum d. July 29, 1905.


Avery M. BLOUNT, attorney at law at Searcy, is a representative of one of the old American families. His great-grandfather, Jesse BLOUNT, held the office of high bailiff in England but due to his sympathy with the American struggle for independence he resigned his position & made his way to the colonies, after which he enlisted in the American army, was promoted to the rank of lieutenant & served throughout the Revolutionary War, giving valiant aid to the cause of liberty. He remained a resident of the new world, becoming the founder of the family on this side of the Atlantic. His son, Jesse Fields BLOUNT, was born in Rhode Island & removed to Virginia. He was a teacher by profession & organized an acadamy in W. Tenn. He served as justice of the peace & was a man of prominence & influence in his communtiy. His liberal education, his high standards & his sterling worth made him a forceful factor for good in the community in which he lived. He was at one time a slave-owner but becoming convinced of the injustice of this method he freed his slaves. He made extensive investments in land in Tenn. & he sold each of his slaves 40 acres, giving them their freedom when it was paid for. The greater part of his life was devoted to educational work & he made valuable contribution to progress & advancement throughout his life. He married a Miss HYATT, who was reared in PA & both died in Tenn., his death occurring at the beginning of the Civil War. They became the parents of Addison L. BLOUNT, who was born in W. Tenn. & became a contractor & builder. He worked on railroad construction on the Illinois Central in the rebuilding of the roads after the Civil War. Through experience he learned engineering & removing to AR he settled near Marianna, in Lee Co., where he became overseer of a plantation. At a later date he bought land in St. Francis Co. near Palastine & contiued to devote his attention to agricultural pursuits for 5 years, his place being mostly given over to the cultivation of cotton. Due to the condition of his health he removed to Harrison Co., where he engaged in prospecting & in 1885 he came to White Co., purchasing land on the Bayou des Arc creek near Searcy. Some time afterward he sold most of his land but continued thereon until he retired from active business life & took up his abode in Searcy. In young manhood he wedded Louise BROWN, also a native of W. Tenn. & a daughter of John BROWN, who was a distant relative of John BROWN, the apostle of antislavery. Her father was a native of NC & owned slaves that he later freed. On leaving NC he removed to W. Tenn. & had become a resident of IN prior to the Civil War. He was a millwright by trade & engaged in the construction of several mills in W. Tenn., making most of the machinery by hand. His death occurred while the Civil war was in progress. He had married Eliz WOOD, a native of AL & after his demise she returned to Tenn. with her family & departed this state. It was her daughter, Louise, who became the wife of Addison L. BLOUNT & to this marriage there were born 8 children, 4 of whom are living: Robert Lee, a farmer of Armstrong Springs, AR; Benjamin F., who follows farming at Rosebud, AR; John B., an accountant of Canada; and Avery M. Those who have departed this life are: Walter, who died in 1907 at the age of 33 years, up to which time he had been associated with his father in the development of the home farm; Albert, who died in 1903 at the age of 20 years; and 2 children who died in infancy. The death of the father occurred in 1920, when he was 72 years of age. The mother is still living, at the age of 69 years.

From the foregoing it will be seen that Avery M. BLOUNT is descended from ancestry whose outstanding charactoristic has been loyalty to their honest convictions & fidelity in following the principles in which they believed. Avery M. BLOUNT was born in White Co., Sept. 6, 1888, & his life has been in harmony with that of the ancestral record. He pursued his education in the public schools & in Batesville Business College & afterward studied stenography & accepted a position of that charactor. He did stenographic work & studied law in the office of W. D. DAVENPORT & also pursued a correspondence course in law through the La Salle Extension Univ. of Chicago. He was admitted to practice before the supreme court. He entered upon general practice, in which he continues & he also has farm & timber lands in AR, from which he derives a good rental. Actuated by a laudable ambition he has made steady progress in his professional career and his success has come as the result of thourough study, close application & marked devotion to the interests of his clients. His entire time is given to his law practice & to his real estate interests.

Mr. BLOUNT was married to Miss Grace D. BURKETT, a native of OH, and they enjoy the warm esteem of an extensive circle of friends in Searcy & the surrounding country. Mr. BLOUNT belongs to the ancient order of United Workmen & the Modern Woodmen of America & in the latter organization is now state clerk, having been elected to the office in 1921, in 1917 & again & 1919. He was a district delegate of the order to the national convention & he has also served as clerk of the local lodge. In politics he is an independent voter, exercising his right of franchise as seems to him is beneficial to the communtiy at large. He ever seeks the welfare & progress of his community & cooperates in all plans & projects which he believes will prove of public benefit. (From "A Centennial History of Arkansas", edited by Dallas T. Herndon, the Director of the Dept. of Archives & History, published by The S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., Chicago-Little Rock, 1922.)


T. J. BOWERS, editor of the Searcy News, was born in Greene Co., Tenn., Aug. 19, 1861. He is a representative of one of the oldest families of Penn., his ancestors coming into the New World during William Penn's time. The family is noted for longetivity. The grandfather, Lewis BOWERS, was born in the Keystone state & removed to Tenn., where he followed the occupation of farming. His son & namesake, Lewis BOWERS, was born in Greene Co., Tenn., and after arriving at adult age, there married a Barbara A. COBBLE, who was also born in that county. Mr BOWERS was actively interested in politics prior to the Civil war & was serving as sherriff of Greene Co. when the war broke out. He enlisted for service with the Confederate troops while seven of his eight brothers fought against him, being members of the Union Army. He was under Bragg & participated in many of the most important battles of the war. On one occasion a bullet struck a Bible which he carried in his pocket & thus prevented him from being wounded. He served with the infantry forces and on one occasion was captured. At another time he saved the life of a Union general by carrying him off the field. He was court martialed for furnishing arms to the Confederacy but was paroled. He had become quite wealthy prior to the war but lost everything during that conflict, having been an extensive landholder & slave owner. Later he went to Huntsville, Alabama, where he engaged in farming, leasing a plantation there for 8 years. He shipped his first crop of cotton but never recieved anything for it. He then removed to Saint Francis Co., Ark., settling in Forrest City in 1874, & was there engaged in farming until he took up his abode in Cushman, Ark., where he conducted a hotel & also served as Justice of the Peace. He afterward removed to Wash. D. C., where he died in 1910, at the advanced age of 85 years, while his wife departed this life in 1908 at the age of 81 years. They were the parents of 10 children, of whom the eldest died in infancy. The others are: Sarah E., who is the widow of J. A. MCGALL & is living in Wash. D. C., at the age of 76 years; Rebecca, the wife of J. F. ENGLES of Wash. D. C.; Mattie, who became the wife of J. F. ESLINGER, but both are now deceased; Mary E., who is the wife of I. D. W. COBB, living in Huntsville, Alabama; Andrew J., a machinist, residing at Batesville, Ark.; T. J., of this review; C. C., a stockman, residing in Comanche, Texas; Fay I., the wife of F. J. HEADSTREAM, living near Roby, Texas, where he owns land & is engaged in dairying; & lillie A., the wife of J. W. SIMMONS of Wash. D. C. The parents were consistent members of the Methodist Episcopal church, South, & Mr. BOWERS was a democrat in his political views & fraternally was connected with the Odd Fellows & the Masons. The mother was a daughter of William COBBLE, who was a carpenter & contractor of Tenn.
T. J. BOWERS pursued his advanced education in a college at La Crosse, Ark., under Prof. KENNARD, there studying in 1883 & 1884, while in 1885 & 1886 he attended the State Univ. at Fayetteville. He then returned to Independence county & became a teacher in the rural districts after which he spent 3 years as a teacher in Cushman, Ark. He next turned his attention to merchandising at that place, where he remained until 1896, when he came to Searcy & here entered the grocery business. Later he spent 3 years in Blue Mountain, Ark., but in 1904 he returned to Searcy & for 3 years was on the road as a traveling salesman. He afterward purchased a general merchandise business in Searcy, which he conducted for a time & then sold. Subsequently he concentrated his efforts & attention upon the insurance & real estate business & at the same time filled the office of justice of the peace. In June, 1918, he purchased the Searcy News & has continued as its manager & editor. This is a weekly paper of merit, devoted to the dissemination of general & local news & in addition to printing the paper Mr. BOWERS does job work of all kinds. He has improved the equipment of the office, so that excellent work is turned out & he has largely built up the paper, which today has a circulation of 1000. He devotes his entire time to his newspaper interests & real estate business & for many years he has figured prominently in connection with the business development & progress of the community.

In 1894 Mr. BOWERS was married to Miss Quilla CROW, who was born in Ark., a daughter of Joe CROW. They have many friends in Searcy & the hospitality of their home is greatly enjoyed by their large circle of aquaintances. Mr. BOWERS is a democrat in his political views & he & his wife hold membership in the Missionary Baptist Church, its teachings constituting the basic principles of all their acts. (From "A Centennial History of Arkansas", edited by Dallas T. Herndon, the Director of the Dept. of Archives & History, published by The S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., Chicago-Little Rock, 1922.)


Robert L. BUFFALO, filling the position of cashier of the Bank of England & a well known resident of the city of England, has so directed his efforts as to win substantial success in buisness & to gain the respect & high regard of those with whom he has been brought into contact through social as well as business relations. He is a native son of Lonoke Co., born near England in 1880, his parents being L. L. & Clarkee BUFFALO. The father was a native of N. Carolina & on leaving that state removed to Mississippi after the Civil War. About 1868 he came to Lonoke Co., settling ten miles north of Carlisle. He had served as a private in the Confederate Army during the war & in days of peace he devoted his attention to agricultural pursuits. His father was also a native of N. Carolina & removed thence to Holly Springs, Miss.

Robert L. BUFFALO was educated in the local schools & in Ouachita College. He afterward served for 2 years in the Phillipines, being engaged on scout duty in northern Luzon while in the service. In 1901 he returned to the US & devoted his attention to farming in Lonoke Co. until 1905, when he became associated with the firm of Eagle & Co., merchants of England. Subsequently he obtained a position in the Planters Bank of England, in which he is now the cashier, proving a capable & obliging official & one who has gained more popularity with the general public by reason of his uniform kindliness & consideration to the patrons of the bank.

Mr. BUFFALO, who was united in marriage to Miss Maggie Harper, a daughter of T. J. HARPER of White Co., Ark., and they have become parents of 1 child, Marion. In religious faith Mr. & Mrs. BUFFALO are connected with the Baptist church, contributing generously to its support & taking an active interest in the various lines of church work. Fraternally Mr. BUFFALO is a Mason & loyally follows the teachings & purposes of the craft. During the World war he served as chairman of the Unined Work Campaign & did everything in his power to promote the success of the allied army. His life has been spent in this section of the state & the fact that many of his stanchest friends are those who have known him from his boyhood to the present time is proof of the sterling traits of his charactor & the upright course in which he has walked. (From "A Centennial History of Arkansas", edited by Dallas T. Herndon, the Director of the Dept. of Archives & History, published by The S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., Chicago-Little Rock, 1922.)


Judge Foster O. WHITE, now occupying the bench of the county court of White Co. & making his home at Searcy, was born in Bald Knob township, this county, July 5, 1882. He is the son of H.C. & Cassie (GUTHRIE) WHITE & a grandson of James WHITE, who was a native of Alabama & there owned & operated an extensive plantation, having some number of slaves. He lost everything, however, during the Civil War. He had 2 sons in the service, Bud & Perry, & the latter died of measles while he was held captive. Bud was wounded in the leg & body & this rendered him a cripple for life. James WHITE bought 640 ac. of land near Judsonia, White Co., Ark., which he had to clear, as it was then covered with timber. The place is now known as the Jim WHITE farm & is mostly devoted to the cultivation of strawberries. He died in 1887 at the age of 65 years. The maternal gradfather was Samuel GUTHRIE, who was born in White Co. & became a farmer & prominent stock raiser, devoting his entire time to that buisness. One of the great-grandsons of Judge WHITE was Samuel WHITE, who was born in Georgia & became the first county judge of White Co., Ark., settling here among the pioneers. He held 4 sessions of court per year & recieved a salary of but $50/year. While he held court at Searcy, he made his home at Clearwater & in addition to serving in public office he engaged extensively in farming, remaining in White Co. to the time of his death.

The father of Judge WHITE of this review was born in Alabama, Oct. 7, 1851, and removed from that state to White Co., Ark., in 1871, when a young man of 20 years. He followed farming & also engaged in construction work on the Iron Mountain RR from Newport to Texarkana, Ark., assisting in building all of the bridges. He, too, became actively interested in agricultural pursuits, purchasing land which he had to clear the timber from. In those days turkey, deer & wild game of other kinds were plentiful & he has lived to witness many changes wrought by time & man as the work of development & transformation has been carried steadily forward. He has devoted his life to general farming & stock raising and he now lives with his son, Judge WHITE. His wife, who was born in White Co., died at the comparatively early age of 38 years. They wre the parents of 10 children, 9 of whom are living: William H., of Little Rock, who is a train conductor on the Iron Mountain RR, having been in the service since 1900; Foster O., of this review; M. S., a bridge foreman on the Memphis division of the Iron Mountain RR; K. H., a locomotive engineer on the Missouri Pacific Road; Eurah, who is the wife of Walter MCLAUGHLIN, a farmer of Bald Knob township; Samuel, a conductor on the Iron Mountain RR, serving on the Memphis division; Rose, a bookkeeper with the Arkansas Electric Appliance Co. of Little Rock; Dock, a brakeman on the Memphis division of th Iron Mountain RR; Mamie, the wife of Earn CHOLENDT, a brakeman on the Ark. division of the Missouri Pacific; and one child who died in infancy. The mother was a member of the Baptist Church, while Mr. WHITE belongs to the Christian Church & in politics has always been a democrat.

His son, Judge WHITE, was educated in the public schools of his native county & remained on the home farm to the age of 18 years, when he, too, began railroading, entering upon an apprenticeship in the bridge & buiding department of the Iron & Mountain RR. He served in this way for 6 years & was connected with railroading altogether for about 10 years. He then returned to Bald Knob township, where he began contracting on his own account, carrying on a general contracting business in White & adjoining counties. He was thus active until 1918, when he was elected county judge, taking the office in Jan., 1919. So creditable has been his record on the bench that he was reelected for a 2nd term without opposition. His decisions are strictly fair & impartial & his course has been a highly creditble one.

Judge WHITE was married to Miss Elva L. BAKER, who was born in White Co., Ark., daughter of Joseph BAKER, who was one of the builders of the Iron Mountain RR & afterward ran trains over that line until 1892. He then turned his attention to farming & is now living with Judge & Mrs. WHITE. This worthy couple have become the parents of 6 children: Lillian, Willie Maude, Foster O., Lorraine, H. C. & Opal, all at home. The parents are members of the reorganised church of the Latter-Day-Saints, in which Judge WHITE has served as elder & as president of the Bald Knob branch, also filling the office of branch elder. Fraternally he is connected with the Masonic Lodge, with the independent order of Oddfellows, with the Ancient Order of United Workmen & also with the RR Bridgemen, being one of the pioneers in the Brotherhood of RR Car Men. His has been an active & useful life & the sterling worth of his character has placed him high in the regard of his fellow townsmen. (From "A Centennial History of Arkansas", edited by Dallas T. Herndon, the Director of the Dept. of Archives & History, published by The S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., Chicago-Little Rock, 1922.)


J. S. LADD is now living retired in Judsonia & no history of the town would be complete without extended reference to him, for through 35 years he was closely associated with its mercantile interests & with development & progress of the city arising therefrom. His birth occurred near Franklin, in Williamson county, Tenn., April 9, 1848, his parents being T. G. & Mary Jane (SMITHSON) LADD, both of whom were natives of Middle Tenn. & representatives of old families of that state. The grandfather in the paternal line was Noble LADD, who was born in Tenn. & belonged to one of the pioneer families of the south. He followed farming & owned slaves to the time of his death, which occurred during the Civil War period. The grandfather of J. S. LADD on the distaff side was Samuel SMITHSON, who was likewise a native of Tenn., where his ancestors settled during the Revolutionary War period. He spent most of his life in his native state.

T. G. LADD, father of J. S. LADD, was a school teacher, following the profession for 45 years. A man of liberal education, he held to high ideals in the work of the schoolroom & contributed much to the intellectual progress of the community in which he lived. He afterward engaged in merchandising in Memphis from 1862-1865 & he departed this life at the ripe old age of 74 years, while his wife died in White Co., Ark., at the age of 79. His political support was originally given to the Whig party & on the dissolution of that party he joined hteh ranks of the Democrats. He was a mason & his wife was connected to the Order of the Eastern Star, while both held membership in the Methodist Episcopal church, south. In their family were 8 children, 4 of whom are living, Minerva Ann, Samuel N., & Mary M., having all departed this life, as has Martha E. These were the 3 eldest & the 5th member of the family. Those who survive are: J. S.; Eliza J., living in Louisville, Kentucky; T. G., of Memphis, Tenn.; and W. F., a resident of Covington, Tenn.

J. S. LADD was educated in western Tenn., where he attended the subscription schools, being largely under the instruction of his father. The year 1869 witnessed his arrival in White Co., Ark., at which time he purchased bottom land & engaged in general farming. A little later he removed to Judsonia, where he established a confectionary store but later developed it into a general merchandise house, which he conducted under his own name. He remained an active factor in the merchantile circles of the city for 35 years ere he retired from business in 1915 to enjoy in well earned rest the fruits of his former toil.
On the 8th of May, 1870, Mr. LADD was married to Miss Mollie VANDAL, a native of Tenn., who died in 1885. They had a family of 7 children, 2 of whom died in infancy, while Sarah J. has also departed this life. Lula is the widow of Dr. W. J. MILLER, who was a practicing physician of Griffithville & she now makes her home at Little Rock; Pearl is the widow of Eugene WINSOTT, who was a liveryman of Judsonia; Walker is engaged in the garage buisness at Newport & at Judsonia; and the youngest child died in infancy. The mother was a consistant member of the Baptist Church. For his second wife Mr. LADD chose Miss Hal KEY, a native of Ark., and to them were born 10 children, 7 of whom are living: Clifton, who is a graduate of the Memphis Dental College & is now practicing dentisty in Marvell, Phillips Co., Ark.; Frances, the wife of Carl GARMS, a contractor of Little Rock; Mary, the wife of Thomas WELLS of Searcy; Catherine, the wife of J. K. JEMERSON, manager of a garage at Judsonia; Ester, the wife of Irvin WINN, a banker of Bald Knob; 2 children who died in infancy; Johnnie, who died at the age of 4 years; and Henry & Elizabeth, at home. The mother of this family belongs to the Methodist Episcopal church, South. Politically Mr. LADD is a democrat and for 2 terms served as Postmaster to Judsonia under Pres. Cleveland. He was also elected constable, being chosen to that office at one time when he was the only democrat elected in the county, a fact indicative of his personal popularity & the confidence reposed in him. He was opposed by a populist. His had been a usefull & well spent life & the sterling worth of his character is attested by all with whom he has come into contact. As a merchant he conrtributed in large measure to the business development of Judsonia & while he has now retired from mercantile pursuits he is still interested in a garage, the company being the authorized Ford agent at Judsonia, hadling the Ford supplies & accessories and also the Fordson tractor. Throughout his career Mr. LADD has been charactorized by a progressive spirit & his derermined purpose has enabled him ulimately to reach his objective. His career, morever, proves that success & an honored name may be won simutaneously & his example is well worthy of emulation. (From "A Centennial History of Arkansas", edited by Dallas T. Herndon, the Director of the Dept. of Archives & History, published by The S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., Chicago-Little Rock, 1922.)


John R. LINDER, attorney at law of Beebee, has spent his life in Ark., his birth having occurred in White Co., Jan. 6, 1870, his parents being Jefferson P. & Lucy J. (SHELTON) LINDER. The family has long been represented on American soil. The paternal grandfather, Abraham LINDER, was a native of the Spartanburg district of S. Carolina & was a well educated man, who devoted his life to teaching in his native state for a number of years and then made an overland trip with ox team & wagon to Ark., crossing the rivers on ferries. This was in 1858 & after reaching this state he contiued in the teaching profession, being connected largely with private schools. He married a Miss TEMPLEMAN, a native of South Carolina, who died about he year 1864, while his death occurred in 1874, when he was 70 years of age.

Their son, Jefferson P. LINDER, came with his parents to what was then Conway Co., Ark. in 1858. He was there married to Miss Lucy SHELTON, who was born in Shelby county, Tenn., and who went from Memphis to Des Arc, making the boat trip in order to visit her sister, but owing to the hostilities between the north & the south she could not return. She became aquainted with Jefferson P. LINDER & they were married in what is now Faulkner Co. Subsequently, they removed to White Co. where Mr. LINDER purchased wooded land, which he cleared & developed, carrying on general farming & stock raising. During the last 10 years of his life he also preached to a considerable extent throughout the community, he & his wife being members of the Missionary Baptist church. His political endorsement was given to the democratic party. He died July 27, 1903, at the age of 64 years, while his wife departed this life Aug. 11, 1910, at the age of 63 years. They had a family of 12 children, 5 of whom are still living: Laura, the wife of S. M. TROTTER, a farmer of Lamar, Ark.; John R.; Charles, who is farming in White Co; Oscar B., a barber of Calif.; and Albert, also farming in White Co. Those who have departed this life are: Thomas J., who died in Monroe Co., Ark., in 1889, at the age of 21 years; Maggie, who was the wife of J. W. ACREE & died in 1919, at the age of 47; 2 who died in infancy; Myrtle & Belmer, who died at the age of 2 years; & Berley, who died when 16 years of age.

John R. LINDER is indebted to the public school system of White Co., Ark., for the educational opportunities he enjoyed. He remained at home until he had attained his majority & began reading law at the age of 18 years. He entered upon practice in the judicial court & in 1901 was admitted to practice in the district & circuit courts. He opened hsi law office in Beebee where he has continued in the general practice of law & has been connected with much important litigation. He is also numbered among the lawmakers of the state, having served in the general assembly in 1905, through election on the democratic ticket. He gave thoughtful & earnest consideration to the vital questions which came up for settlement & at all times he has been actuated by devotion to the general good in his attitude toward all public questions.

Mr. LINDER was married to Miss Mattie E. HILL, a native of White Co., Ark., and they have become parents of 9 children, 6 of whom are living: Harvey, now residing in Pittsburg, Penn., where he is engaged in vocational training, is a veteran of the World war. He enlisted in St. Louis in the regular army in 1917, was at Jefferson Barracks & later was sent to Boston, Mass., where he was in training. He then went overseas & was connected with the Medical Corps in France for 6 months. After his return home he again went to France, where he married a French girl; Pearl, the second of the family, is th wife of W. E. DAVIS, a farmer of Beebee, Ark.; Bernard, who is bookkeeper with the Buckeye Cotton Oil Co. of Little Rock, married Marie WESTBROOK, a native of Ark.; Robert is following the profession of nursing at Little Rock; Earnie & Mabel are at home. Ruth & Thomas died at the age of 2 months & 3 years, respectively, while one child died in infancy. The religious faith of the family is that of the Baptist church & Mr. LINDER is serving as clerk. He also belongs to the Woodmen of the World. The greater part of his time and attention is given to his profession & he has made steady progress in a calling where advancement depends entirely upon individual merit & ability. He is a close student of the principles of law & is seldom, if ever, at fault in the application of these principles to the point in litigation. (From "A Centennial History of Arkansas", edited by Dallas T. Herndon, the Director of the Dept. of Archives & History, published by The S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., Chicago-Little Rock, 1922.)


Elmer Wheat SMITH of Searcy, who is filling the position of circuit clerk, is a native son of White Co., his birth having occurred July 20, 1889. He is the son of J. F. & Sarah Elizabeth (WALKER) SMITH, who are also natives of White Co. The paternal grandfather, J. L. SMITH, was a native of Mississippi & engaged in farming in that state previous to his removal to Ark. which occurred in 1850, at which time he took up his abode in White Co. He traveled across the county in a prairie schooner accompanied by 5 brothers & after reaching his destination homesteaded. He also engaged in freighting during the early days & as opportunity offered gave his attention to the further development & improvement of his farm. He had to clear his land, which was covered with timber & he used an ox team to break the sod & develop the place. There was much big game to be had in this section of the country in that early day & all of the conditions of pioneer life were here found. As the years passed his labors resulted in the development of a good farm property & he continued his residence in White county to the time of his death, which occurred in 1899 when he was 68 years of age. In young manhood he was married, near Seacy, to Miss Sarah SKIDMORE & the house in which the marriage was celebrated is still standing, being one of the old landmarks of this section of the state. Miss Sarah SMITH passed to the home beyond in 1920 at a notable age, being in her 90th year. The maternal grandfather of Elmer W. SMITH was A. G. WALKER, who removed from Tenn. to Ark. but afterward returned to the former state. Later he again came to Ark., taking up his abode in White Co. He opened a market in Searcy & engaged in selling meat & produce for a number of years. He married Saline PAIGE & died at the age of 60 years, while his wife departed this life at the age of 62.

J. F. SMITH, father of Elmer W. SMITH, was born in White Co. in 1852, and acquired a common school education, pursuing his studies in one of the old-age log schoolhouses with its homemade benches & other primitive equipment. He remained with his parents to the age of 29 years, when he married, purchased land & began farming himself. As his tract was covered with timber he had to clear away the trees & brush ere he could break the sod. He still owns the land which he first purchased 2 miles from Searcy & has devoted his life to general farming & stock raising. He served as deputy sheriff of White Co. for one term but has never been anxious to hold public office. He married Sarah Elizabeth WALKER and to them have been born 4 children: Lorena, the wife of A. I. DARNALL, a salesman with the Neelly & Smith Hardware Co. in Searcy; Elmer W.; Grace, the wife of Dudley MORRIS, who follows farming near Searcy; & Hettie, the wife of F. J. DAVENPORT, who is engaged in farming near McRae, White Co.. The parents are members of the Cumberland Presbyterian church & fraternally J. F. SMITH is connected with the Independent order of Odd Fellows & with the Woodmen of the World. His political endorsement has always been given to the democratic party.

Elmer W. SMITH attended the country schools of White Co. & afterward the high school at Searcy while later he persued a commercial course in the Memphis Business College at Memphis, Tenn., and thus became well qualified for life's practical & responsible duties. He stated out in the business world as bookkeeper for the Sandefur-Julian Wholesale Co. of Little Rock & afterward came to Searcy to fill the position of deputy circuit clerk in 1914. For 4 years he occupied that position & in 1918 was elected circuit clerk, entering upon the duties of the office on the 1st of Jan., 1919. He was reelected at the close of his first term, so that he is now serving for the second term in office, devoting his entire time to his duties in this connection. He is prompt, reliable & systematic & his official record is winning him high commendation from all who know aught of his work.

Mr. SMITH was married to Miss Martha Irene CHRISP, who was born in White Co., a daughter of Horace CHRISP. They have become parents of 2 sons: Elmer Wheat & Edward Forest. Mr. SMITH has always given his loyal support to the democratic party. He is well known in Masonic circles, belonging to Searcy Lodge No. 49, A. F. & A. M., while in Albert Pike Consistory of Little Rock he attained the 32 degree of Scottish Rite in Nov., 1921. He also belongs ot Al-Amin Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S. He and his wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal church, in which he is serving as a steward, and they take an active & helpul interest in all branches of the church work & contribute liberally to its support. They are well known socially in Searcy, where they have many friends & the the hospitality of their home is greatly enjoyed by all who know them. (From "A Centennial History of Arkansas", edited by Dallas T. Herndon, the Director of the Dept. of Archives & History, published by The S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., Chicago-Little Rock, 1922.)


Strong purpose & unfaltering enterprise are factors in the success of Charles A. FIGLEY & his labors have ever been of a charactor that has contributed to public progress & prosperity as well as to individual advancement. He is today classed with the substantial representatives of industrial activity in Judsonia, being the secretary and treasurer of the Enterprise Box Co. The story of his life is the story of steady progression & his course has at all times been a commendable one, well worthy of emulation. Mr. FIGLEY was born in Ohio, Aug. 21, 1872, and is a son of David & Rosana (WEAVER) FIGLEY, both of whom were natives of the Buckeye state, where the father followed the occupation of farming, owning land in Columbiana Co. In addition to tilling the soil he engaged in stock raising. Both he & his wife are now deceased. Mr. FIGLEY gave his political endorsement to the repubican party & always kept well informed on the questions & issues of the day. His wife was a member of the Baptist church. Their family numbered 4 children: Viola, the wife of Frank SMITH of Iowa; J. A., living in Wichita, Kansas; Alice, the wife of J. F. SMITH, who is process man for a packing co. of Kansas City, Missouri; and Charles A.

The last person named persued his education in the high school in Wichata, Kansas, and in the Southwestern Buisness College of that city, there pursuing a commercial course which well qualified him for life's practical & responsible duties. He started out in the business world as an employee in a lumber office in El Dorado, Ark. occupying the position of bookkeeper & stenographer with the Daniel Ramsey Lumber Co. He afterward removed to St. Louis, Missouri, where for 5 years he was employed in a mill office & for 6 years remained in the St. Louis office of the same company, which had its mill at Perla, Ark. On the expiration of that period he came to Judsonia & acquired an interest in the Enterprise Box Co. in 1910. This was at the time a small factory, but with the passing years he has greatly developed the business & has remodeled the factory, installing modern machinery & securing the latest equipment. The business today employes an average of 75 men throughout the year, & Mr. FIGLEY is contributing in marked measure to the success of the undertaking as secretary & treasurer of the firm. He now devotes his entire time to the box factory, which finds a market for its product throughout the state. The co. owns its timber land & Mr. FIGLEY is familiar with every phase of the business from teh time when the standing timber is secured until the finished product is placed upon the market. The company was incorporated in 1910 with a capital of $6000 & today has a surplus of $20,000.

Mr. FIGLEY was united in marriage to Miss Maude WILSON, a native of Ark., and they now have 2 children, Charles A. & Dorothy, both at home. Mr. FIGLEY has always voted with the republican party since reaching adult age and is a loyal champion of its principles. His religious belief is that of the Baptist church. He has many admirable traits of charactor, displaying marked reliability & energy in business, loyalty & progressiveness in citizenship & fidelity & trustworthiness in every relation of life. Thus it is that his friends can be numbered by the score, while public opinion at all times accords him a place of prominence as a citizen of White Co. (From "A Centennial History of Arkansas", edited by Dallas T. Herndon, the Director of the Dept. of Archives & History, published by The S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., Chicago-Little Rock, 1922.)


Arkansas has always been signally favored with a class of men who have occupied her public offices & in those who have maintained the legal & moral status of the state through the protection of life, property & liberty in the courts. In the latter, George O. PATTERSON is well known, being today a capable, & successful attorney of Clarksville, who in his practice holds the highest ethics of the profession He was born in Clinton, Van Buren Co., Ark., March 6, 1872, & is the son of John R. & Lou J. (GREESON) PATTERSON, who were natives of Baltimore, Md., & of Tenn. respectively, their marriage being celebrated, however, in Clinton, Ark. The father was a son of J. H. PATTERSON, also a native of Baltimore, Md., whence he removed to Tenn. & eventually became a pioneer resident of Ark., settling at Patterson Bluff, where he owned & conducted a large plantation. He likewise taught school at one time in connection with Albert PIKE. He was a slave owner of the early day & became a soldier of the Confederate Army at the time of the Civil War. When home on a furlough he was killed by bushwhackers & he had previously been wounded in the battle of Prairie Grove. The maternal grandfather of George O. PATTERSON was Mat H. GREESON, who was born in Tenn. & became a resident of Van Buren Co., Ark. in 1856. He engaged in merchandising & also conducted a hotel. He too, joined the Confederate Army & valiantly defended the cause in which he believed.

John R. PATTERSON came to Ark. about the year 1856 & it was probably the same year that his future wife became a resident of this state. He followed merchandising at Clinton & at Heber Springs & in 1897 removed to Pauls Valley, Oklahoma. He owned mining interests in New Mexico & also followed merchandising in Oklahoma, continuing a resident of that state until his death. He was a self-made man & won a substantial measure of success through his close application to business, his unfaltering energy & thouroughly reliable methods. He, too, was numbered among the Confederate veterans of the Civil War, having enlisted in 1861 & serving until the close of hostilities. He participated in several important battles, was slightly wounded on one occasion & was mustered out with the rank of 2nd lieutenant, having served as a courier during the early part of his military experience. He ever voted with the democratic party & he served as sherriff of Cleburne Co., Ark., for a period of 6 years, discharging his duties without any fear or favor. He was one of the early representatives of Masonry in this state & took the degrees of the Royal Arch Chapter. Both he & his wife belonged to the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, and were active in the various branches of church work. They had a family of 3 children: Alice, who is the wife of J. K. CONNOR, a merchant of Pauls Valley, Ok.; George O.; & J. H., who also carries on mercantile pursuits in Pauls Valley.
Liberal educational advantages were accorded George O. PATTERSON, who was educated at Quitman College, from which he was graduated in 1890. He came to Clarksville in 1893 & read law under J. E. CRAVENS & A. S. MCKENNON, being admitted to the bar in 1894. He then entered upon practice in which he has continued to the present time, his ability increasing with the passing years, so that his success has been augmented as time has passed by & he now ranks with the ablest representatives of the profession in this part of the state. For 10 years he practiced in connection with his former preceptor, A. S. MCKENNON, and now for a number of years been a partner of H. H. RAGON. They have a large clientage of a distinctively representative charactor & the court records bear testimony to the many favorable verdicts which they have won. In his law practice Mr. PATTERSON represents a number of important corporations & is regarded as a strong advocate & safe counselor. His corporation practice connects him with 2 banks & various mining interests & he is also local attorney for the Missouri Pacific RR. He devotes most of his life to his law practice which is now very extensive & of a most important charactor & in addition he has coal interests which are large & profitable.

In 1901 Mr. PATTERSON was united in marriage to Miss Susie MCCONNELL, a daughter of E. T. MCCONNELL, an early resident of Clarksville, who has now retired from business & is numbered among the men of affluence of the community. Mr. & Mrs. PATTERSON have become the parents of 2 sons: George O., who is attending college in Clarksville; & Edward Hall, also a college student. Mr. PATTERSON is a democrat in his political views & served as a member of the constitutional convention of the state in 1918. While he has always taken an active part in politics he has never been a candidate for office, but his aid can be counted upon to further all plans & measures for the public good. He belongs to the State Bar Assc. & fraternally he is connected with the Masons, the Elks & the Knights of Pythias. He & his wife are members of the Presbyterian church & Mrs. Patterson is particularly active in the work of the church & its various societies. Wherever they are known-and they have a wide aquaintance throughout the state-they are held in the highest esteem & their interests, broad, varied & important, have brought them into prominent public relations. (From "A Centennial History of Arkansas", edited by Dallas T. Herndon, the Director of the Dept. of Archives & History, published by The S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., Chicago-Little Rock, 1922.)


The name of Colonel Joseph Warren HOUSE, Sr. is known to nearly everyone throughout the whole of the state of Ark. No man truly or generally beloved by those who know him well. Indeed, the esteem in which he is universally held is closely akin to reverence. He has, during the many years of an eventful life, rounded out a career distinguished by public & private virtues. His outstanding charactoristics are a simple & unpretentious manner, a keen sense of humor, a kindly, sympathetic interest in all children, marked chivalry toward women & the highest sense of personal honor. It would seem, therefore, that he comes a near to summing up in himself all the best virtues of the old-fashioned, ideal southern gentleman as ever did any individual.

Colonel HOUSE was born June 12, 1847, in Hardeman Co., Tenn., the son of A. B. & Eliza (WILKES) HOUSE, who in 1858 left Tenn. & became residents of White Co., Ark., where their remaining days were passed, the father following the occupation of farming. The son, Joseph Warren HOUSE, attended such country schools as then existed in White Co. & was a youth of but 16 years, when in May, 1863, he responded to the call of the Confederacy & enlisted in Colonel MOSELEY's regiment, with which, with which he served for 2 years, or until after the cessation of hostilities. He then returned to his home & soon afterward entered upon the study of law in the town of West Point, White Co., receiving instruction from an able representative of the bar at that place until admitted to practice in May, 1869. He then entered upon the active work of his profession in Searcy, the county seat of White Co., & in 1885 removed to Little Rock where he has since resided. For 52 years Colonel HOUSE has been a member of the Ark. bar. Advancement in the law is proverbially slow, but surely & steadily Colonel HOUSE worked his way upward, proving his ability by the capable manner in which he handled involved & intricate legal problems. His clientage steadily grew in volume & importance & for many years he has occupied a foremost place in the ranks of the leading lawyers of the commonwealth.

Colonel HOUSE has long left the impress of his individuality & his ability upon the political history of the state, yet he has never been a seeker for public office. He has been active in shaping many events which have had to do with political progress in Ark. from the Civil War period on through the days of reconstruction, through the Brooks-Baxter war & in later periods molding the political history of the present decade. In 1871 he was elected to represent his county in the lower house of the state legislature & gave most thoughtful & ernest consideration to all vital guestions which came up for settlement while he served in the general assembly. He was elected to the constitutional convention in 1874, being one of the youngest men elected to that now historic body. In spite of his youth he took an active & highly creditable part in framing th fundamental law of Ark., under which the state has been resurrected from the ashes of reconstruction. He is one of 2 or 3 members of that convention who still survive. In 1874-75 he represented the 27th senatorial district, composed of White & Faulkner Counties, in the state senate & during his connection therewith was chairman of the commitee on education & as such had a large share in shaping the public school system of the state. He served as US district attorney for the eastern district of ark. during the first & second administrations of Pres. Cleveland & in 1917 he was elected without opposition as delegate to the state constitutional convention, which convened the following year. He delves deep into any question which elicits his attention, studying the problems of the commonwealth from every angle & his support of any measure is based upon a firm belief in its value & efficacy as a factor in good government. The democratic party had long regarded him as one of its ablest exponents in Ark. & there are few men who have figured so long in connection with the political history of the state, while the record of none has been more faultless in honor, fearless in conduct, or stainless in reputation.

With establishment of his home in Little Rock in 1885, Col. HOUSE entered upon the active practice of his profession in the capital city, in which he has made a most notable record. His prominence is indicated in the fact that he was honored with the presidency of Ark. State Bar Assc. for the year 1906-7. For a time he was assc. with his nephew, Menefee HOUSE, now deceased, in law practice, under the style of HOUSE & HOUSE, but for the greater part of his career he has practiced independently.

In 1882 Col. HOUSE was united in marriage to Miss Ina DOWDY, a native of Memphis, Tenn., and to them have been born 2 sons, Joseph W. & Archie F., and 3 daughters, Arline, Mary & Ina. The daughter Arline was married to Alfred M. LUND of the engineering firm of Lund & Hill in Little Rock; Mary became the wife of Horace G. MITCHELL, president of the Democrat Printing & Lithographing Co. of Little Rock; Joseph W., Jr., was married to Julia CLARKE, daughter of the late US senator James P. CLARKE of Little Rock. The family has long occupied a most prominent social position, their residence in Little Rock covering a period of more than a third of a century. Moreover, Col. HOUSE is a representative of one of the old southern families, holding to the high traditions & ideals of the south & ever standing as a splendid example of American manhood & chivalry. (From "A Centennial History of Arkansas", edited by Dallas T. Herndon, the Director of the Dept. of Archives & History, published by The S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., Chicago-Little Rock, 1922.)


C. H. C. HOWARD, engaged in the insurance business at Beebee, is a representative of ancestral lines that can be traced back in New England to the year 1640. It was in that year that Thomas HOWARD landed in this country & established his home at Norwich, Conn. The line comes on down through Benjamin & Thomas to William HOWARD, the great great grandfather, who was a native of Mass. & was killed at the battle of White Plains, while serving in the Revolutionary War. His son, Abel HOWARD, was a native of Sturbridge, Mass., and was the father of Dr. Abel HOWARD (II), who was born in Hartford, Vt., and who wedded Mary E. HUNT, a native of Conn., and they became the parents of 8 children: Abel T., Mary E., George A., Julia A., George, Austin, Sophia & Elizabeth. The last 2 named are still living. The first of this family, Abel T. HOWARD, was the father of C. H. C. HOWARD. He married Anna H. CUTTS & both were natives of Vt., the former born in W. Hartford & the latter in N. Hartford. In the maternal line the ancestry can also be traced back to a remote period. The grandfather, Hampden CUTTS, was a native of Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and was a graduate of Harvard Univ. He exerted a widely felt influence over the history of his state, serving as probate judge for many years & also as representative in the state legislature. He was descended from Robert CUTTS, a native of England, who on crossing the Atlantic in 1640 settled at Kittery, Maine. The line comes on down to Richard (I) & Richard (II), who was a major in the War of Lewisburg in 1745. He was the father of Samuel CUTTS, who in turn was the father of Edward CUTTS, a native of Kittery, Maine. The last named was the father of Hampton CUTTS, who wedded Mary P. S. JARVIS, who was also of notable New England parentage, her father, William JARVIS, serving for 8 years as American consul at Lisbon, Portugal.
It will thus be seen that C. H. C. HOWARD is descended from distinguished ancestry in both the paternal & maternal lines. His parents were teachers of liberal educationand borad culture. The father was graduated from Dartmouth Collage, while the mother was a graduate of the Tilden Ladies' Seminary at Lebanon, New Hampshire. At their marriage they began teaching, becoming teachers in high schools and later in the Glenwood Collegiate Institute at Matawan, New Jersey, where they remained until1872. They afterward removed to Brooklyn, New York, and Mr. HOWARD taught in private school for some time. He devoted the last ten years of his life to evelope manufacturing. He was born in 1830 and died in1889, while his wife, departed this life in 1889. They were consisted members of the Presbyterian church and Mr. howard was also identified with the Masinic fraternity. To him and his wife were born seven children, three of them whom died in francy, the others being: C. H. C. ; Mary, the wife R. W. KING of Montclair, New Jersey; Charles T. , who is connected with the city department at Los Angeles, California; and Eliot, an electician of Brooklyn, New York.

C. H. C. HOWARD was born in Brattleboro, Vermont, September 5, 1862. Having acquired a public school education he later attended the Adelphi Academy at Brooklyn, New York, and for five years was assistant libraian in the Astor Library of his health and entered newspaper work at Beebe, where for ten years he was editor and publisher of Current Topics, which was afterward merged into the White County News and for a year he remained as editor of the publcaion. He then sold out and was employed as a bookkeeper in Beebe, while later he took over the fire insurance business and is now representing nine differet companies. In this connection he has gained a good clientage and his business is one of large extent.
On the 12th of September, 1894, Mr. HOWARD was married to Miss Effie M. BARTLEY, a native of Fulton, Missouri, and a daughter of S, N. and Virgina (BERRY) BARKLEY, who were also native of Fulton. The father became a merchant of Beebe and also assistant cashier of the bank of Beebe. He was likewise prominent in public affairs, serving as mayor of the town and as treasurer and recorder at different times. He died October 1, 1915, at age of seventy-two years, his birth having occured in 1843 and he is survived by his wife, who still makes her home in Beebe. Their daughter, Mrs. HOWARD. however, departed this life November 1,1915, leaving a son , Elwin who is pursuing a scintific course in the Westminster College of Fulton , Missouri.

Mr. HOWARD is a member of the Christian church & his political belief is that of the democratic party. He served for 4 years as city recorder of Beebe & is an honorary member of the New Hampshire Historical Society, also a corresponding member of the Maine & Vermont Historical Society & the New England Historical & Genealogy Society. He is likewise thus identified with the Essex Institute of Salem, Mass. He has recently published a history of the CUTTS family, also of the SPARHAWK family & a history of the PEPPERELL family. He also wrote the Pepperrell potraits and a small pamphelt of the life and public service of General John W. Phelps. His authorship includesa volume entiled Brattleboro in Verse and Prose and he has in manuscript the history of the Carter family. His life has been cast in harmony with the records of an honored ancestry. In both lines he comes of families of strong intellectual force and high ideals and he has ever proven a worthy scion of his race. (From "A Centennial History of Arkansas", edited by Dallas T. Herndon, the Director of the Dept. of Archives & History, published by The S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., Chicago-Little Rock, 1922.)


Fifty years have been added to the cycle of the centuries since John M. MOORE became a member of the Little Rock bar and thourghout that period he has held to highest perfessional standards, his course reflecting credit and honer upon the history one of the Arkansa bar. Moreover, he is a native of Pulaski county and a represetative of one the honored pioneer families of the state.

In the paternal lines line his ancestery is traced back to Tomas LLOYD, who came from Montgomeryshire, Wales, to America and settled in Pennsylvania. He was president of the legislative council and deputy governor of the Colony in 1684, after William Penn returned to England. A daughter of Tomas LLOYD became a wife of Samuel PRESTON, and their daughter married Dr.Richard MOORE of Maryland, from whom John M. MOORE is a descendant in the fifth generation.
Israel M. MOORE, the father of John M. MOORE, was born in Wellsboro, Pennsylvania, December 3, 1814, and came to the southwest when a young man of twenty-two years. He was one of the promoters of the Cairo & Fulton RR, which was organized under acts of legislatures of Missouri & Ark. for the purpose of building a railroad from Cairo, Ill., to the southern part of the state. He served on the board of directors & was largely instrumental in securing land grants from congress to the company until it passed into the hands of Thomas ALLEN of St. Louis & was reorganized as a part of the system of the St. Louis, Iron Mountain & Southern RR Co. On the maternal side, his great-grandfather came from the north of Ireland to America, and served as a member of the patriot army in the Revolutionary War.

John M. MOORE was reared in Searcy, Ark., and although but a schoolboy at the time of the outbreak of the Civil War, he joined the Third Ark. Calvary & was on active duty under Gen. Forest & Wheeler. He enlisted as a private but was promoted to lieutenancy & was in command of his company at the close of hostilities. With his return home Mr. MOORE resumed his studies under the direction of private tutors, and a year later began preparation for the bar, being admitted to practice of law in Searcy. In 1870 he opened a law office in Augusta, Woodruff Co., and the following year removed to Little Rock, where for half a century he has engaged in practice. He served for 6 years as reporter of the supreme court.

In 1873 Mr. MOORE wedded Miss Annie C. TURNER, a daughter of Blakely D. TURNER, who was one of the pioneer members of the Ark. bar. Mrs. MOORE departed this life Jan. 31, 1901. Their family numbered 4 children: J. MERRICK, assc. with his father in practice of law, married Miss Rebecca READ of Fort Smith; Janie, now deceased, was the wife of A. C. MILLER of Little Rock; Charlotte is the wife of M. K. KASSONY of New York city; and Blake TURNER died in 1909.
In his political views Mr. MOORE has always been a supporter of democratic principles, and for 8 years he was chairman of the state central committee, contributing much to the sucess & growth of the party during that time. He never sought nor held a political office. His ambition seems to have been centered in his profession. His high professional standing is indicated in the fact that he was honored with the presidency of the State Bar Assc. A contemporary biographer has said of him: "There are those-and they are legion-who put at the head of the legal profession in Ark. the name of John M. MOORE. It is quite certain that no one qualified to form an opinion on the subject but regards him as one among the very few who are the head & front of the profession. He is one of those truly great lawyers of whom it is in no sense flattery to say that he is deeply learned in the law. Indeed, he is, intellectually, more than a learned lawyer; he is a man of broad scholarship. Few men have read more widely. His private library, of works selected from time to time through a period of many years, is one of the largest & best in the state. The quality & scope of the collection, in which are missing few, if any, of the outstanding contributions to knowlege of nearly every practical sort during the last half a century, afford significant evidence of an intellectually of ripe & varied culture. He is, morever, a shrewd & wise observer of practical affairs. His personality is one of dignity & reserve. He has won success in his profession by dint of sheer ability. (From "A Centennial History of Arkansas", edited by Dallas T. Herndon, the Director of the Dept. of Archives & History, published by The S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., Chicago-Little Rock, 1922.)


Dr. Robert Booth MOORE, an ear, nose & throat specialist of Little Rock, of marked capability & with large practice, was born in Searcy, Ark., July 23, 1888. His parents, Dr. Luther E. & Martha (BOOTH) MOORE, still reside in Searcy, where the mother was born, but the father's birth occurred in Tenn. in 1851. They were married in Searcy, Feb. 22, 1886, & Dr. MOORE continues in the active practice of medicine & surgery there. In politics he is a democrat. To him & his wife have been born 3 sons & 2 daughters, but the latter have departed this life.

Dr. MOORE, spending his youthful days under the parental roof, attended the public & high schools of his native city until graduated with the class of 1904. He was afterward for 4 years a student in Hendrix College of Ark. & later went to the Vanderbilt University, in which he spent 3 years, devoting 2 years of that time to medical study. He next matriculated in Columbia University of New York Polyclinic as an interne & subsequently was interne at Bellevue Hosp. for a year. In Dec., 1917, he came to Little Rock, where he opened an office & entered upon the active work of the profession. On the 18th of August of that year, he had been commissioned a first lieutenant of the Medical Corps and was at Camp Pike, Ark., until Sept. 25, 1918. In Oct. of the same year he went overseas & was assigned to Base Hospital, No. 65, at Brest, France, there remaining until Feb., 1919, when he was assigned to Field Hospital, No. 2, at Dernbach, Germany, remaining at that place until Aug. 20, 1919, when he returned to Little Rock & resumed the active practice of his profession. He specializes on the ear, nose & throat as a member of the firm of Scarborough, Ogden, Zell & Judd, one of the best known & most promising firms of the state.

Dr. MOORE belongs to the Little Rock Country Club & his social qualities have gained for him many friends. His political endorsement is given to the democratic party and his religious faith is indicated by his membership in the Methodist Episcopal church, south. He neglects no duty nor obligation of citizenship but concentrates the greater part of his time & attention upon his professional interests, which are becoming increasingly more important as the years pass. (From "A Centennial History of Arkansas", edited by Dallas T. Herndon, the Director of the Dept. of Archives & History, published by The S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., Chicago-Little Rock, 1922.)


John S. PIERCE, activly identified with farming in White county for many years and now making his home at Russell, was born near Denmark in this country, November 16, 1859. His parents, Moses and Sallie Ann (WOMACK) PIERCE, were native of East Tennessee and in that state were married. There the father followed farming until 1858, when he started across the country with horse team and wagon, making the river crossing on ferry and ultimately reaching White county. It was his purpose to continue the jouney to Texas but one of the horses became sick and they tarried in White county. Being pleased with the country Mr.PIERCE purchased land, which was then a heavily wooded tract. He cut away the native timber , cleared off the brush and as soon as possible began to plow and cultivate the land , which he thus continued to improve until enlisting for service in the Confederate army at the beginning of the war, being on duty most of the time west of the Mississippi. He died during the war period, his death, however, results from a wound which he had sustained previous to his enlistment. In that early day he had engaged in hunting and he also followed blacksmithing, making the tools with which he worked and also tools for his neighbors. He experienced all of the hardships & privations of frontier life, living in White Co. when it was a pioneer region, in which bears, deer & turkeys could be secured in large numbers. He was but 29 years of age at the time of his death, while his wife reached the age of 60 years. She married agin, becoming the wife of H. P. HERD and by her 1st marriage she had 3 children, the eldest of whom died in infancy, the others being: John S. & Stephen S., but the latter died at the age of 21 years. By her 2nd marriage she had 1 child, Belle, who is the widow of W. F. MAYFIELD, of White Co. Both Mr. & Mrs. PIERCE belonged to the Baptist church & endeavored at all times closely to follow the teachings, while politically he gave his support to the democratic party. His father was a factor in the pioneer development of different localities. He was Stephen PIERCE, a native of Tenn., who emigrated to Illinois, where he owned land & carried on farming, removing to that state soon after the Civil War & spending his remaining days there. The maternal grandfather of John S. PIERCE was Jacob WOMACK connected with one of the old & honored pioneer families of this state.

John S. PIERCE attended the subscription schools in his boyhood days. He walked 5 1/2 miles to receive instruction in a little log schoolhouse, seated with split log benches, while the curriculum consisted of little more that the "3 R's". Moreover, he could pursue his studies for only about 2 months in the year, as he remained on the home farm with his mother & asssisted her in its development & improvement. Following her death he went to Tenn., where he was employed at farm labor for 4 years, on the expiration of which period he returned to White Co., & here did contract work in making wagon spokes. He also manufactured staves & sold log timber & piling. Eventually he entered the livestock business, buying & selling horses & cattle at Russell. He likewise became a factor in mercantile circles at Russell, where he owned & conducted a store for 3 different periods. He also owned farm land & at one time he operated the PIERCE & MOORE ranch, devoted to the raising of hogs & cattle. He now specializes in strawberries & cotton & the land which he owns is particularly adaptable to the cultivation of strawberries.

Mr. PIERCE has been married twice & by his 1st marriage had one child, Earnest F., now living in New Mexico. He afterward wedded Hannah CUNNINGHAM, a native of Indiana & a daughter of William CUNNINGHAM, a railroad man & a merchant of Bradford. There have been 6 children born of the 2nd marriage, 2 of whom died in infancy, the others being: W. S., a livestock man of Russell; J. W., who follows farming in White Co.; Mary A. & Lela, both at home. Mr. & Mrs. PIERCE belong to the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, in which he is serving as steward. They take its growth & extend its influence. Mr. PIERCE is a Blue Lodge Mason & in politics he is a democrat. He has served as school director & is interested in all that pertains to the material, intellectual, social & moral progress of his community. His life has been actuated by high & honorable principles & those who know aught of his career speak of him in terms of the warmest regard, because he has ever been faithful to his profession, loyal in citizenship, reliable & progressive in business. (From "A Centennial History of Arkansas", edited by Dallas T. Herndon, the Director of the Dept. of Archives & History, published by The S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., Chicago-Little Rock, 1922.)


Dr. Thomas E. SANDERS, actively & successfully engaged in the practice of medicine in Hot Springs, was born in Beebe, Ark. on the 13th of Dec., 1880. His father, A. F. SANDERS, a native of Alabama, was also a physician & in 1886 came to Hot Springs, where he continued in the practice of his profession to the time of his death in 1906. He was a veteran of the Civil War, having joined the Confederate army when a youth of but 14 years. He belonged to the Knights of Pythias lodge & was highly esteemed by those with whom he was brought into contact through social or professional relations.

Dr. Thomas E. SANDERS was a lad of but 6 years when brought by his parents to Hot Springs & here he attended the public schools, while after completing his high school course he became a student in the Ark. State University, graduating there from with the class of 1901. Whether natural predilection, environment or inherited dendency had most to do with his chore of a profession it is perhaps impossible to determine, but at any rate he entered upon the field of lavor for which nature seemed to have aptly adapted him. He determined to follow in the footsteps of his father & read medicine under his direction for a time, while later he entered Tulane University at New Orleans, Louisiana, as a medical student & was graduated therefrom with the class of 1905. He then put his theoretical knowlege to the practical test by serving as interne in the Charity Hospital at New Orleans & there gained that broad & valuable knowlege which hospital practice & experience bring. He afterwards returned to Hot Springs & became asscociated with his father in practice, the partnership continuing until the father's death. Since that time Dr. SANDERS has practiced independently & has steadily advance by reason of his merit & skill to a point in the front rank of the able physicians of the city. His practice is now extensive & of an important charactor & the results which he secures well entitle him to the enviable reputation that he now bears.

Dr. SANDERS was married to Miss Ethel HALLMAN, a daughter of Dr. HALLMAN, and they now have 2 sons: Hallman, who is 12 years of age; and Carl, a lad of 7. The parents are consistant members of the Methodist Episcopal church & along strictly professional lines Dr. SANDERS is connected with the County, State & American Medical Asscociations. He served as city health officer in 1914 & 1915. He is keenly interested in everything that tends to bring to man the key to the complex mystery which we call life. His reading & study have covered a wide field & he at all times keeps in touch with the trend of modern thought, investigation & progress. (From "A Centennial History of Arkansas", edited by Dallas T. Herndon, the Director of the Dept. of Archives & History, published by The S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., Chicago-Little Rock, 1922.)

W. W. GILL, D. D. S.

Dr. W. W. GILL, engaged in the practice of dentistry in Judsonia, is a native of White Co., Ark., his birth having occurred near West Point, Aug. 23, 1877, his parents being J. C. & Fannie J. (HANSON) GILL, who were natives of Tenn. & of Alabama, respectively. The father came to Ark. in 1871, settling in White Co. He was a capenter & devoted most of his time to his trade, being among the early carpenters of this state. He also farmed to some extent. He was married here & afterward took up his abode in Judsonia, where he continued to make his home until his demise, which occurred in 1885, when he was 38 years of age. His widow long survived, departing this life in 1914, at the age of 56 years. They were the parents of 4 children, of whom 3 are living: W. W.; R. H., a resident of Memphis, Tenn.; and G. G., who is located in Judsonia. One child of the family died in infancy. The mother was a faithful follower of the teachings of the Methodist Episcopal church. Politically Mr. GILL was a democrat, giving unfaltering allegiance to the party.

Dr. Gill, having acquired his education in the public schools of Judsonia, started out in the business world as a clerk in stores & afterward became identified with the dry goods trade here, in which he was associated for 12 years with C. E. NEWMAN, the business being carried on under the firm style of NEWMAN & GILL. Thinking to find a professional career more congenial, however, he afterward took up the study of dentistry, entering the dental dept. of the University of Tenn. at Memphis & there winning his D. D. S. degree as a graduate of the class of 1915. Returning to Judsonia, he opened an office & has continued in general practice since that date, devoting his entire time to his professional interests & duties. He has a well equipped office, supplied with the latest improved appliances & the countless little delicate instruments which constitute the equipment of a successful dentist. He belongs to the Northeastern Ark. Dental Assc., the Ark. State Dental Assc. & the Nat'l. Dental Assc.

Dr. GILL was married to Miss Lela C. BEST, a native of White Co., Ark., and they have become parents of 3 children, of whom the youngest died in infancy, the others being J. W. & B. E, both at home. The parents are helpful & consistent members of the Baptist church, in which Dr. Gill is serving as a deacon, and both he & his wife are teachers in Sunday school. They manifest a most earnest interest in all branches of the church work & have done everything in their power to promote the growth of the church & extend its influence. Fraternally Dr. GILL is a mason, belonging to Anchor Lodge No. 384, A. F. & A. M., of Judsonia. He has always voted with the democratic party and has served as recorder of his town for 13 consecutive years. He likewise filled the position of secretary of the school board of Judsonia for 12 years & the cause of education has found in him a most worthy champion. His labors are a forceful element in public progress & the worth of his work is widely acknowleged. At the same time he is making steady progress & winning substantial success in his profession by reason of the thoroughness with which he does his work & the employment of the most modern scientific methods in the care of the teeth. (From "A Centennial History of Arkansas", edited by Dallas T. Herndon, the Director of the Dept. of Archives & History, published by The S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., Chicago-Little Rock, 1922.)


Dr. W. H. L. WOODYARD, devoting his attention to the practice of medicine & surgery in Judsonia, while his labors have proven his capability to cope with many intricate & involved professional problems, was born in N. Carolina, Jan. 28, 1866, & comes of English ancestry. His grandfather, Stanford WOODYARD, was a native of England & on crossing the Atlantic settled in N. Carolina, where he spent his remaining days. His son, Stanford WOODYARD, was born in that state and after reaching adult age wedded Nancy MONTGOMERY, who was likewise born in that state while her father was a native of Scotland. He took up his abode in the Old North state when he came to the new world & there his remaining days were passed. Stanford WOODYARD, the Doctor's father, conducted a shoe & harness shop at Greensboro, N. Carolina, for a considerable period, employing several negroes in his shop, for he was a slave owner of that period. He acquired his education in the common schools & afterward learned the trades of making shoes & harness & also became a millwright, constructing a number of mills in his native state. At the beginning of the Civil War he enlisted in the Confederate army & served throughout the entire period of the war. While he was at the front he lost almost everything that he had previously aquired, but at the close of hostilities he returned home & resumed work at his trade, remaining in N. Carolina until 1873, when he removed to Independence Co., Ark., making the trip overland with wagon, horses & mules. It required several weeks to make the trip and he crossed the Mississippi river on a ferry below St. Louis. After reaching his destination Mr. WOODYARD entered the milling business, following his trade in Independence. He built water mills in Independence co. & operated these on his own account. Subsequently he removed to Ravenden Springs, in Randolph Co., where he erected a water power mill, which he operated until he bought land in Randolph Co. and began the task of clearing & cultivatin a farm. He died in 1893, at the age of 66 years, while his wife departed this life in 1889 at the age of 54 years. In their family were 13 children, of whom 6 are still living: Ella, now the wife of W. F. GRAY, a truck farmer at Cushman, Ark.; Hattie, who is the widow of W. D. HORN of Brownwood, Tex.; Charles, a farmer of Portia, Ark.; P. W., a merchant of Hoxie, Ark.; W. H. L., of this review; and Allie, of the state of Washington. Those who have departed this life are: Cyrus, who was engaged in the milling business with his father & died at the age of 35; B. R., a physician who was engaged in the practice of medicine in Little Rock at the time of his death, which occured when he was 49 years of age; Gib, who was also graduated from the Memphis Hospital Medical College, and practiced his profession in Independence Co., Ark. , to the time of his death at the age of 27 years; Margie, who was the wife of W. D. HANKIN whos death occurred at the age of 46 years, in Birmingham; and 3 who died in infancy. The parents were consistant members of the Presbyterian church & Mr. WOODYARD was also identified with the Masonic lodge. He gave polical endorsement to the democratic party.

Dr. WOODYARD was educated in the La Crosse Academy at La Crosse, Ark., and attended high school at Westplains, Missouri. He afterward entered the Missouri College of St. Louis & following the completion of his course of study there practiced at Ravenden Springs, Ark., where he maintained an office until 1892. He then removed to Pleasant Plains, where he lived until 1893, when he entered the Memphis Hospital Medical College & won his M. D. degree in 1894. In that year he returned to Pleasant Plains, where he continued until 1903 & in the meantime did post-graduate work in Chicago Clinical School. He afterward removed to Judsonia, where he opened an office & through the intervening period has continued in general medical practice. He is now associated with W. R. FELTS, of whom he had been a partner since 1913, and he has long accorded a prominent position in the ranks of the medical fraternity in his section of the state. He has membership in the White Co. Medical Society, the Ark. State Medical Society, the Southern Medical Assc. & the Amer. Medical Assc. & devotes the major part of his time & attention to his practice, which is not only extensive but of a most important charactor.

Dr. WOODYARD was married to Miss Aurelia WOOD, a native of Ark., and they have become the parents of 4 children: Jessie, at home; Gladys, the wife of J. H. GRAVES, station agent at Judsonia; Gypsy, at home; and Billie, who is attending the Tenn. Military Institute at Sweetwater, Tenn. Mrs. WOODYARD belongs to the Baptist church.

Dr. WOODYARD is a Mason, having membership in Anchor Lodge No. 384, A. F. & A. M., and also in Albert Pike Conistory, in which he has attained the 32nd degree of the Scottish Rite, being identified therewith since 1905. He has passed through all the chairs in the blue lodge & is a worthy follower & exemplar of the teachings of the craft. He likewise has membership in the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. His polical views are in accord with the teachings & purposes of the democratic party, but he has never sought office. He has interests, however, outside the strict path of his profession, for which he has since been vice president, and he also has farming & stock raising interests, deriving a considerable revenue from his rented farm land. (From "A Centennial History of Arkansas", edited by Dallas T. Herndon, the Director of the Dept. of Archives & History, published by The S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., Chicago-Little Rock, 1922.)


John E. MILLER of Seary & prosecuting attorney of his judicial circuit comprising five counties, was born in Aid, Missouri, May 15, 1888, and is a son of John A. and Mary K. (HARPER) MILLER, who are natives of Stoddard county, Missouri. The father, cattle and hogs. He has carried on an extensive buiness and has met with sudstanceial sucess in his agricultural and stock raising interests, which he began following his service in the Civil war, in which he was with the Confederate army, spending much of his time at Cape Girardeau and Bloomfeild, Missouri. He participated in several skirmishes and was on active duty until the close of hostilities, whence he turned his attention to the work of developing his land and raising stock. He has now reached the age of seventy- three years , while his wife is sixty- nine years of age. Both are members of the Baptist church. In their family were eight children, five of whom are living: E. E.,who makes his home near Puxico, Missouri, where he follows farming; Eunice May, who is a graduate of the Cape Girardeau Normal School and now a teaching at Caruthersville, Missouri; Iva Beatrice, also a gratuateof the Cape Girardeau Normal School and now a teacher in the high school at Bloomfield; Oden Ray, who is pursuing a pharmaceutical course in the Washington University at St. Louis, Missouri; and John E. Two of the children died in infancy, while one daughter, Edith Victoria, became the wife of T. J. MCDOWELL & died in 1899 at the age of 25 years, leaving 2 sons: Alfred L. & Samuel H. The former is with her parents & the latter is now employed in the transportation dept. of the Chicago & Eastern Ill. RR at Danville, Ill.

John E. MILLER pursued his education in the rural schools of Stoddard Co., Missouri, in the high school at Bloomfield & in the State Normal at Cape Girardeau, while later he took a law preparatory course at Valparaiso Univ. He did not study continuously but at intervals taught in 6 different rural schools of Stoddard Co., Missouri, and thus earned the money which enabled him to continue his education. At the age of 18 years he was elected principle of his home school. He never abandoned his plan of becoming a member of the bar, however, and was graduated from the Kentucky St. Univ. of Law on the 6th of June, 1912, with the B. L. degree. On the 13th of June he became a resident of Searcy, where he opened an office, enering into partnership with J. N. RACHEALS, with whom he was connected until 1915. He then formed a partnership with C. E. YINGLING and is still associated with him in general law practice. He served as assistant attorney for the Missouri & North Arkansas Railroad for two years and he has always enjoyed a good private practice. He likewise filled the office of city attorney for three years and on the 1st of January, 1919, became prosecuting attorney of the judicial circut, comprising White, Woodruff, St. Francis, Lee and Phillips counties. He handled the prosecution in connection with the Elaine race riot in 1919 and has tried many other important cases. For the past to years he has been attorney for the Arksnsas Hydro Electric Company, of which he is also one of the directors. Aside from his professional interests he has investments in farm lands.

On the 21st of October, 1914, Mr. MILLER was married to Miss Ethel Lucile LINDSEY, a native of Lee county, Arkansas, and a daughter of R. H. LINDSEY. They have one child, Mary Louise, now two years of age. The parents are membes of the Methodist Episcopal curch, South, and Mr. MILLER is serving on the bosrd of stewards. He is a Capter Mason, belonging to Sercy Logde No. 49, A. F. & A. M., and Tillman Capter, No.52, R. A. M., in which he has filled all of the chairs. He is likewise identifed with the Ancient Order of United Workmen. His political allegiance is given to the democratic party and aside from serving as city attorney he was a member of that body which framed the organic law of the state. His ability is wildely recognized and has brought him to a point of leadership in connection with public interests in his section of the state. (From "A Centennial History of Arkansas", edited by Dallas T. Herndon, the Director of the Dept. of Archives & History, published by The S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., Chicago-Little Rock, 1922.)