At the commencement of the Civil War the people of Mississippi
County, though loyal and patriotic, finally decided to go with the State,
and were a unit in favor of the cause of secession. The war spirit ran
high, affecting rich and poor alike. If there was any Union sentiment
in the county (and there was at first), it soon succumbed to the influences
of a separate Confederacy
Three companies of nearly 100 men each were immediately
organized, being commanded by Col. Charles Bowen, Capt. Elliott H. Fletcher,
and Capt. Robert Hardin, and were at once placed in active service.
Only a few of the men forming those companies were alive at the end
of the [p.457] war. Of Capt. Fletcher's company, some twelve or fourteen
are now living, mostly around Chickasawba, and all are men of character
and well to-do citizens. One of these, Hon. James F. Ruddle, was representative
of the county in the legislature of 1875. Capt. Elliot H. Fletcher and
his brother, Thomas, a youth of sixteen years, were killed in the battle
There were no regular battles fought in this county, though
it suffered greatly from predatory raids by Federal cavalry from Missouri
and Kansas. Business of every interest was suspended, and people lived
in constant apprehension of being raided, captured and killed.
In 1864 Col. Burris, in command of a regiment of Kansas
cavalry (Federal), made a dash through this country, taking several
prisoners, among whom were Capt. Charles Bowen and Col. Elliot Fletcher.
This company was pursued by Capt. McVeigh, in command of some seventy
men, but they escaped to Missouri and no engagement was fought.
Civil War Events in Mississippi County
September 07-30, 1863 Expedition Big Lake, Mississippi County
August 04, 1864 Skirmish Osceola Mississippi County
Mississippi Expedition From Camp Lowry, Missouri
April 06, 1864 Action Pemiscot Bayou Mississippi 30 Miles N Of Osceola On
Ark- Mo Line
April 06-07, 1864 Skirmishes Swamps Of Little River Near Osceola Mississippi
10 Miles W Of Osceola
August 02, 1864 Action Osceola Mississippi County
Database information courtesy of the Arkansas Historic Preservation
an agency of the Department of Arkansas Heritage.
Civil War Pensions
In 1891 Arkansas began granting pensions to indigent Confederate veterans.
In 1915 the State began granting pensions to their widows and mothers. Two
published indexes are available in many libraries:
Allen, Desmond Walls. Index to Confederate Pension Applications (Conway,
Ark.: Arkansas Research, 1991).
Ingmire, Frances Terry. Arkansas Confederate Veterans and Widows Pensions
Applications (St. Louis, MO: F.T. Ingmire, 1985).