Goodspeed's History of ... Carroll County, Arkansas
Township Organization, p. 358.
No record of township organization prior to 1870 is extant, but from a comparison of traditional knowledge it is inferred that the three original townships of what is now Carroll County were Carrollton, Osage and Prairie (said to have been known at one time as Ashley), to which Long Creek was added prior to 1850. The order of subsequent formation cannot be ascertained. The records having been destroyed it became necessary to establish township boundaries, which was done at an adjourned term of the county court, April 18, 1870; Hon. Robert Raines, judge, and Esquires Jackson Childers and Alexander H. McElyea presiding. On this day the court proceeded to establish the different townships, defining their boundaries and voting places as follows, to wit:
Township to commence at the Boone County line, at the
southeast corner of Section 27, in Township 20 north, Range 22 west,
running west to the southwest corner of Section 25, in Township 20
north, Range 23 west; thence due north to the Missouri line; thence
east to the Boone County line; thence south with said line to the place
of beginning; and that the voting place in said township be, and the
same is hereby designated at the residence of Redden B. Mattox.
Township line to commence above and near the Dallison
farm on Dry Creek, running northward to the southwest corner of Long
Creek Township; thence north with said township line to the Missouri
line; thence with the Missouri line to a point near and east of the
residence of Thomas Wise; thence southward with the range of mountains,
leaving said Wise west of said line to the Pilot Knob; thence south to
the Osage Mountain; thence east with the aforesaid mountain to the
southwest corner of the sixteenth section; thence east with said
section line to Dry Creek, near Jeremiah Youngblood's; thence down the
main channel of Dry Creek to the place of beginning; and that the
voting place be, and the same is hereby designated, at the residence of
John S. Shahan.
Township line to commence at the northwest corner of
Hickory Township; thence west with the Missouri line to a point due
north of Boat Mountain; thence south with the divide between
Leatherwood and King's River to the head of the Cox and Hobb's saw-mill
hollow; thence down said hollow to the Master's ford on King's River;
thence by Bradley Bunch's to the southwest corner of Hickory Township
line; thence with said line north to the place of beginning; and that
the voting place in said townsip be, and the same is hereby designated,
at the frame house on the L. D. High farm in the waxweed hollow.
line to commence at the northwest corner of King's River;
thence west with the Missouri line to the Benton County line; thence
south with said line to the Madison County line; thence east with said
line to the divide between Leatherwood and Keel's Creek; thence to the
southwest corner of King's River Township; thence with said township
line to the place of beginning; and that the voting place in said
township be, and the same is hereby designated, at the residence of
William Skelton in said township.
Township line to commence at the southeast corner of
King's River; thence west with the said boundary line of King's River
Township to the southeast corner of Cedar Township line; thence with
the Cedar Township line to the Madison County line; thence with the
Madison County line to the Rockhouse Creek; thence down said creek so
as to include the settlements on said creek (which is to King's River);
thence up King's River to the mouth of Piney; thence east to William
Barkley's on Osage; thence north by the way of Benjamin Jenning's to
the place of beginning; and that the voting place be, and and
[sic] the same is hereby designated at Berryville.
Township line to commence at the southwest corner of
Prairie Township; thence south with the Madison County line to Stephen
Howard's; thence east by the way of the Widow Usry's on Osage, to
Daniel Conner's; thence north on the divide to the Hickory Township
line near the old Rush still-house; thence with said Prairie Township
line to the place of beginning; and that the voting place in said
township be, and the same is hereby designated, at the residence of
line to commence at the southwest corner of Liberty
Township, thence south with the Madison County line to the Newton
County line, thence east to the Boone County line, thence with the
divide between Osage and Long Creeks to the southeast corner of Liberty
Township, thence west with said township line to the place of
beginning; and that the voting place in said township be, and the same
is hereby designated at the residence of John P. Carter.
Township to commence at the southeast corner of Long
Creek Township, thence west with said township line to the Hickory
Township line, thence with said Hickory Township line to the Liberty
Township line, thence with said Liberty Township line to the Osage
Township line, thence with said Osage Township line to the Boone County
line, thence with said Boone County line to the place of beginning; and
that the voting place in said township be and the same is hereby
designated at Carrollton."
-- October 7, 1873: "Ordered by the board that Hickory
Township be divided as follows, to wit: by a line beginning where Long
Creek Township line crosses Yocum Creek, thence with the bed of said
creek to the residence of John S. Shahan, thence due west to Prairie
Township line; and that all north of said line be known and called by
the name of Yocum Township; and that the voting place of said township
be at the voting place of Jeremiah Hall."
-- April Term, 1874 upon petition of a majority of the
citizens of King's River Township for the formation of a new
subdivision from its territory, the following line of division was
confirmed: "Beginning about one mile and three-quarters west of Bradley
Bunch's, where said township line crosses a hollow known as Methodist
Hollow, thence down said hollow to King's River about one-fourth of a
mile above Crabaugh's mill, thence down said river to the Missouri
line." The eastern part received the name of Polo Township, with
Standlee's store as its voting place.
Clifty. -- August
17, 1874, Cedar Township was divided by a line "beginning at the
eastern boundary of said township, and running due west so as to divide
Sections 20 and 19, Township 20 north, Range 26 west, and Sections 24,
23, 22 and 21, Township 20 north, Range 27 west, through the center of
said sections to the western boundary;" that portion south of this line
receiving the name of Clifty Township, with Hendry's mill as its voting
-- April 5, 1875, division of Liberty Township ordered by
a line "beginning at the north line of Osage Township, near Nathaniel
Rudd's, and running in a northern direction on and with the divide
between the waters of the Osage and Piney Creeks to the southern line
of Prairie Township;" the territory west of this line to constitute the
new township of Piney. Its organization was ordered to be effected May
1, 1875, with John Gilstrop's mill as the place for holding elections.
-- February 7, 1876: "On this day was presented a
petition of a majority of the citizens of Osage Township representing
that said township is too large for the convenience of a large number
of citizens thereof, and praying that said township be divided as
follows, to wit: Beginning at the Newton County line, on the top of the
mountain or divide separating the waters of Osage and Dry
Fork creeks, and running with and on the top of said mountain or divide
north to the Liberty Township line." This was favorably considered, the
territory west of the line described being designated as Dry Fork
Township, with the place of the election at Shiloh.
July 3, 1876 by order of court the southern boundary of King's
River Township was so changed as to include that part of Prairie
Township north of a line "beginning at the southeast corner of said
(King's River) township, thence west to the W. R. Sartain farm on
King's River, thence up said river to the mouth of Osage, thence west
to Cedar Township line."
Township was formed May 1, 1882, from the following
described territory, formerly part of Cedar: "Beginning where King's
River crosses the line between Carroll and Madison Counties, running
thence west to the line between Ranges 26 and 27; thence north to the
northwest corner of Section 31, Township 20 north, Range 26 west,
thence east four miles; thence north two miles; thence east to King's
River; thence along said river to place of beginning." At July term,
1882, the line between Prairie and Winonia was so changed as to read as
follows: "Commencing at a point on the line between Sections 4 and 5,
Township 19, Range 25 west, where said line crosses King's River;
thence north on said line to the southeast corner of Section 32,
Township 20, Range 25; thence west to the southeast corner of Section
31, Township 20, Range 25; thence north to the southeast corner of
Section 30; thence west one-half mile; thence north to King's River
Township line; thence east to Prairie Township line."
Township. -- April 7, 1884, upon petition of thirty-one
citizens of Cedar Township, its division was ordered by a line
"Beginning at the northwest corner of Section 10, Township 21, Range
26, on the Missouri State line; thence south to the southwest corner of
Section 27, said township and range; thence east to the southeast
corner of Section 29, Township 21, Range 25; thence north to the
Missouri State line; thence west to the place of beginning." The new
township received the name of Franklin.
Johnson Spring election
district was formed July 14, 1882, and includes "all of sections east
of Eureka Springs, to the Prairie Township line; all south of Eureka
Springs to Winonia Township line, Sections 9, 16 and north one-half of
Section 10; all of Township 20 north, Range 26 west in Cedar Township,"
except the corporation of Eureka Springs.
The present number of townships is fourteen; of election
districts twenty, there being five wards in Eureka Springs, each of
which with each of the townships constitutes a separate district.
Formation. -- The
State Legislature, by an act approved March 12, 1883, divided Carroll
County into districts for judicial purposes, that portion of the county
received from Madison in 1869 to constitute the western district and
the residue the eastern district. The act provided that circuit,
chancery, and probate courts should be established in the western
district, with original and exclusive jurisdiction within its limits.
The sheriff, clerk, treasurer, and probate judge are elected for the
county at large.
-- The following named persons have been incumbents of
this position: ----- Jones, J. H. Hamilton, William McCormick, Gip
Divorce Statistics. -- Fifty-nine divorces were granted
in the district from its organization until January 1, 1887. Marriage
licenses have been granted as follows: 1883, 49; 1884, 65; 1885, 55;
1886, 92; 1887, 78; total to January 1, 1888, 339.
The debt of Carroll County January 28, 1879, was $11,854.57; February 148, 1880, $11,961.21; October 3, 1881, $10,350.45; October 8, 1882, $14,855.74. During this time there was a general county fund; but upon the formation of the western district, in 1883, there arose a necessity for the creation of two other funds, that of the eastern and that of the western district. Then general indebtedness November 19, 1883, was $19,769.00, this being the total amount of warrants called in for re-issue. The amount of warrants on record not issued was $7,915.65. The following is a statement of county finances from November 19, 1883, to February 1, 1888:
|General prior indebtedness||$19,769.00|
|Warrants not issued||7,915.65|
|Total allowances, general fund||11,916.12|
|Total allowances, western district||20,149.41|
|Total allowances, eastern district||30,093.50|
|County warrants canceled||$11,989.30|
|Eastern district warrants canceled||19,386.90|
|Western district warrants canceled||16,122.05|
County Agricultural and Mechanical Association was
organized in 1876. The fifth and last annual fair was held Thursday,
Friday and Saturday, September 29 and 30 and October 1, 1881. The
officers at this time were W. J. Hailey, president; J. A. Meek,
vice-president; L. L. McKennon, secretary; J. W. Freeman, treasurer.
The association owned sufficient land for its purposes, but was not a
success financially, The annual fair was held at Berryville. During its
short existence the association did much to promote the best interests
of the county.
Societies. -- The first medical society in the
county was organized at Eureka Springs in 1881, but disbanded several
years later. The second effort was made at Berryville, where the
Carroll County Medical Society was organized February 4, 1884. Its
existence ceased in 1887.
Springs and Carroll County Medical Scoeity was organized
June 5, 1887, with seven members of whom the following were officers:
--- Visart, president; J. O. Ducker, vice-president; J. B. Bolton,
secretary; W. A. Reese, treasurer. Examining board: An act of the
Legislature provides for the appointment of three physicians as an
examining board by the county court. Drs. W. P. George, D. F. Ray and
W. R. Hardesty, the first board, served from 1881 to 1887. Drs. J. H.
Malloy, Winfield Poynor and J. B. Bolton constitute the present board.
It is the duty of this board to pass upon the qualifications of all
persons desiring to practice medicine in the county.
The First Court in Carroll County was held at the residence of Charles Sneed, on Osage, probably in the year 1833; Archibald Yell presided, and David Walker was prosecuting attorney. The county formed part of the third judicial circuit, of which Samuel S. Hall was the regular judge.
-- The county has always been embraced in the fourth
judicial circuit, to which judges have been commissioned as follows: J.
M. Hoge, November 13, 1840; S. G. Sneed, November 18, 1844; A. B.
Greenwood, March 3, 1851; F. I. Batson, August 20, 1853; J. M. Wilson,
February 21, 1859; J. J. Green, August 23, 1860; Y. B. Sheppard, May 9,
1863; Thomas Boles, August 3, 1865; W. N. May, April 24, 1868; M. L.
Stephenson, July 23, 1868; C. B. Fitzpatrick, March 23, 1871; J. H.
Huckleberry, April 10, 1872; J. M. Pittman, October 31, 1872; J. H.
Berry, October 21, 1878; J. M. Pittman, October 31, 1882.
Attorneys for the fourth circuit during the same period
have been as follows: A. M. Wilson, November 13, 1840; A. B. Greenwood,
January 4, 1845; H. F. Thomasson, September 6, 1853; Lafayette Gregg,
August 23, 1856; B. J. Brown, December 1, 1862; J. E. Cravens, January
7, 1865; 'Squire Boon, October 15, 1866; Elias Harrell, August 11,
1868; S. W. Peel, April 26, 1873; E. I. Stirman, October 13, 1876; H.
A. Dinsmore, October 14, 1878; J. Frank Wilson, October 30, 1884; J. V.
Walker, October 30, 1886.
-- George Campbell, 1834-35; William King, 1835-38; Hiram
Davis, 1838-40; M. Perryman, 1840-42; W. J. Estis, 1842-44; J. D.
Blair, 1844-46; Matthew Bristow, 1846-48; T. H. Clark, 1848-50; James
Simmons, 1850; Samuel H. Ewing, 1850-52; Matthew Bristow, 1852-54; J.
B. Turney, 1856-58; G. W. Alker, 1858-60; J. B. Turney, 1860-64; Samuel
H. Ewing, 1864-68; Robert Rains, 1868-71; Cyrus Maxwell, 1871; A.
Fanning, 1874-80; T. S. Bunch, 1880-82; William Walker, 1882-84; H. A.
Pearce, 1884-86; R. H. Jones, 1886; Bradley Bunch, 1887.
Attorneys. -- A.
M. Wilson was the first resident practicing attorney at Carrollton, and
seems to have been there as early as 1836. John Wilson was his brother
and partner, and their office was on the southwest corner of the
square. David Walker, from Fayetteville, subsequently United States
Senator from Arkansas, was also an early attorney. W. D. Reagan, J. P.
Neill, J. M. Pittman, the present presiding judge of the fourth
circuit; James H. Berry, at present member of the United States Senate
from Arkansas, and ex-governor of the State, and George J. Crump, of
Harrison, one of the most prominent attorneys in the northwestern part
of the State, are among the former members of the local bar. The
following is a list of resident practicing attorneys in the county: O.
W. Watkins, Henry Glitsch, R. H. Jones, J. H. Show, A. Davis, M. R.
Baker, George Weymouth, E. R. Ray, George W. Ray, John Watkins, John B.
Pendergrass, John Chiles, Joseph Maples, J. E. Jones, Charles Watson,
John I. Worthington.
Circuit Court for the western district began its session
May 7, 1883, Judge Pittman presiding. No jury commissioners having been
appointed the court, as its first proceeding, directed the sheriff to
impanel the grand and petit juries. These respective bodies, the first
for the western district, were constituted as follows:
Grand Jury. -- R.
J. Insenberry, W. H. Jones, Wesley Kelley, Samuel Gregg (foreman), Bart
Moore, L. B. White, F. J. Russell, F. S. Riley, Henry Arney, D. B.
Jeringan, Z. P. Freeman, A. T. Wilson, D. A. Powell, Edward Pickering,
W. W. Davis, James Ramey.
-- L. Collins, J. V. Rawlins, Isaac Chidester, Samuel
Montgomery, A. B. Combs, W. D. Ingram, I. E. Perrin, P. Landaker, E. A.
Trayder, S. S. Purcell, Samuel Hollsman, J. W. Cary, L. M. Lane, H. M.
White, N. B. Barfield, W. W. Hudson, David Conway, K. B. Thornton, G.
A. Beaver, T. O. P. Terry, J. H. Hamilton, T. W. Norwood, Philip Noll,
William Leach, impanelled May 8, 1883.
etc. -- The first case tried was that of George P. Young
vs. J. H. Nuttall, and resulted in a verdict of $68.17 in favor of the
defendant. The first person admitted as an attorney after examination
was John Carroll, who applied for a committee to inquire as to his
qualifications May 8, 1883.
The first murder in the county was committed by W. W. Hutson, who was confined in jail, but escaped. Louis Russell, William Goforth and Jack Musick served as coroner's jury in making the inquest. The second murder was that of Thomas H. Clark, during his incumbency as county judge, 1848-50. His brother-in-law, Rudd, and a son of the latter were accused, and a change of venue was taken to Washington County. A nolle pros. was granted in the case of Rudd, Jr., and Rudd, Sr., was acquitted through lack of circumstantial evidence. The third murder was that of Louis Williams by his father-in-law, James Shropshire. H. F. Thomasson was prosecuting attorney. W. D. Reagan and John Wilson appeared for Shropshire, who was convicted and sentenced to be hung, but excaped from jail a short time before the time set for execution. There has been a number of murder trials, and several indictments now appear upon the records, but no judicial execution has yet occurred.