Marion Co TOC
Graphics by Rhio
Vol. 8, No. 1 January 2004 Yellville, Arkansas 72687
What Pioneer Arkansas Ate!!!!!
These pioneers had other problems as well. The supplies of cornmeal, wheat flour and salt that they brought with them on the trail soon gave out. Waiting on the first corn crop, planted haphazardly among the stumps of new felled trees, was often a dismal time. However, there was game aplenty so starvation was not a threat. But still, a man need a bit of bread every now an then. Roasted breast of wild turkey came to be known as "Hunter's bread" due to the fact that it was dry and grainy and provided some contrast to the red meat that steadily found its way into the stewpot or over the cook fires.
A "Hunter's Stew" might contain anything from chunks of bear meat to bits of squirrel meat. One common requirement was strong red pepper to make the gamey flavor of some of the meat that got tossed into the kettle.
Salt was another scarce item on the frontier. It wasn't until the settlers began to organize trips to Batesville to get salt that it became plentiful. Sugar was also a scarce item. Many of the pioneers would rob bee trees for their honey. Wheat was not a grain that grew very well in the Ozarks so most of the bread here at first was corn bread or corn pone. Peas, beans, turnips, cabbage, potatoes and squash flourished. With the coming of spring everyone went out to pick new greens or poke sallet. A "mess o' greens" made a pleasant change from the dried and root vegetables that the pioneer family had lived on all winter.
"Hogs were the most numerous of the domestic animals that the pioneer kept. The hogs could roam wild in the winter and forage, be brought in, in the spring to have their young and come cold weather, the prime ones could either be sold or traded and the rest butchered, cured and saved to feed the family during the long winter to come. Hams, shoulders and sides of bacon were salted and smoked for future use: fat was rendered into lard: and spareribs and internal organs ere usually eaten fresh. Crackiings, the crisp brown bits and pieces left over from lard rendering, went into cracklin' bread. The made a flavorful addition to the unvarying cornbread of the family table.
Most families had one or more milk cows, which the wife would milk twice a day and use the milk not only to drink but also to make butter and buttermilk in which to barter for other foodstuffs. Those families that did not have a milk cow would trade items of value for the milk and butter. Most all families owned chickens. Eggs were also a good barter item, especially at the closest general store. These items could be traded for dress goods, shoes, and leather for mending harness, or tools or seeds in the spring. In the fall also the children would be sent to gather the ever-present black walnuts. These made a delicious addition to cakes, pies and other foodstuffs during the winter months.
Very few folks in the Ozarks owned slaves. A few families owned two or three but unlike the big plantation owners of the south, there was not the need for this labor in the mountains. Most of the families here were rich enough to own slaves; they just did the labor themselves. However, the Indians that were here did leave behind recipes that the folks still use to day.
Preheat oven to 325 degrees. In a medium to large mixing bowl, beat eggs with a wire whisk. Add remaining ingredients in order given.
FROM THE EDITOR
HAPPY NEW YEAR 2004 FROM THE ENTIRE STAFF OF THE BRAMBLE BUSH.
Vicki Roberts, Editor
JESSE BALLARD JAMES
Most family histories have several versions of events, dates, people, and places. This one is not unique in that respect. I have attempted to incorporate all the versions I have found to date and allow the reader to determine which is the more logical, or likely to be accurate.
The Hanging of Jesse Ballard James and Mr. Brown
ANCESTRY OF ROSANNAH WATERS
3 PHILEMON WATERS Jr. b Stafford Co. VA 8 Oct 1711 d SC 20 Jan 1779 m VA 1730/1 SARAH BORDROYNE or BOWDON b 20 March 1708/9 d SC 4 July1792. Children: Rosannah Waters b VA 1June 1734 d SC m John Farrow; Philemon Waters b VA 1 June 1734 d SC 29 March 1796 m Mary Berry; Thomas Willoughby Waters b VA 1838; Wilhiam(?) Waters b VA.
4 THOMAS WATERS Sr. b Stafford Co. VA 1714 d Frederick Co. VA bet May 1760 and 20 Nov 1761 m/1 __; m/2 prob Fredenck Co. VA bef 27 June 1748 ELIZABETH ____ d Barren Co. KY aft 1810. Elizabeth m/2 1861/2 Jacob Wright (son of George & Susannah [___] Wright) b PA ca 1830 d Laurens Co. SC 10 March 1794. Jacob Wright was appointed guardian of Rosannah Waters Oct 1765.
5 JOHN WATERS d Prince William Co. VA 1762 m CHRISTIAN ____.
6 (poss) SARAH WATERS m WILLIAM TACQUETT. Both witnessed the will of Philemon Waters Sr. and proved it in court.
7 (pass) LYDIA WATERS b 1720 m MARTIN HARDIN.
10 PHILEMON WATERS b Winchester, Frederick Co. VA 10 March 1750/1 d Barren Co. KY 30 May 1829 m Falls of Ohio 1783 ELIZABETH HARRISON (daughter of Thomas Harrison) b ca 1762 d Barren Co. KY 10 Oct 1824. Settled near Cartnght's Station KY bef 1780. Captured by a band of Shawnee Indians and taken to Ohio. Escaped and met his wife on his way back to KY. He was approached to serve as a guide under General George Rogers Clark in an expedition against the Shawnee in Ohio along the Miami and Scioto Rivers. In Washington Co. KY 1810. Served as a Justice of the Peace and a member of the State Senate from Washington Co. KY. Moved to Barren Co. KY ca 1820. Children: Mary H. Waters; Jane Waters b bef 1778 m Aaron Stout; Elizabeth "Betsy" Waters b March 1782; Nancy Waters m Whesal D. Wheelock; Thomas Harrison Waters b KY 1791; Philemon B. Waters b Washington Co. KY 21 March 1785; Lydia Waters b KY ca 1802 m John Hindman.
11 ROSANNAH WATERS b Frederick Co. VA 1752/3 d Barren Co. KY 8 May 1819 m VA ca 1768 JOHN BAUGH Sr. b England ca 1843. Jacob Wright was appointed Rosannah's guardian in Oct 1765. John is listed in 96th District, Laurens Co. SC in the 1790 census. He was one of the appraisers of the estate of Jacob Wright 10 March 1794 in Laurens Co. SC. John was on the Warren Co. KY Tax List of 1797.
Roseann joined the Mt. Tabor Baptist Church in Barren Co. KY 1798. John received Lot No. 57 in Glasgow, Barren Co. KY 22 March 1880 from the Trustees of Barren Co. KY. Children: Nancy Baugh b VA ca 1869; William Baugh b VA ca 1771; Henry Baugh b VA ca 1772; Philemon Baugh b VA ca 1773; Jacob Baugh b VA ca 1774; John Baugh Jr. b SC ca 1776; George Baugh b SC ca 1778; Waters Baugh b SC 1778; Rose Ann Baugh b SC ca 1783; Sarah "Sally" Baugh b SC ca 1782/4
12 THOMAS WATERS Jr. b Frederick Co. VA 1754/5 d Adams Co. OH aft 1820 m ELIZABETH STORMS b ca 1763. Enlisted at Winchester VA, serving in the VA Line during the Revolutionary War.
Applied for a pension 15 April 1818 in Adams Co. OH. Children: Thomas George Waters; John Jackson Waters; Nathaniel Waters; Nancy Waters; Narcissus Waters; Elizabeth Waters; Amos Waters; Mary Waters; Elijah Waters; Susanna Waters b 6 April 1880; Robert Waters b 13 April 1802.
SOURCES: http://members.tripod.com/jeanday1/Waters_Table_Of_Contents.htm; World Connect Project of Roots web; DAR Patriot Index
MARION COUNTY ARKANSAS TIME LINE
1803 - The Louisiana Purchase occurred, bringing about 1 million acres west of the Mississippi River under the ownership of the United States. A portion of the Purchase became Louisiana Territory and covered what is today Louisiana, Arkansas, Missouri and probably more.
1811-1812 - New Madrid Missouri earthquake. Felt form Boston MA, Philadelphia PA, Richmond VA, and Charleston SC to the Rocky Mountains.
1812 - Missouir Territory created out of Louisiana Territory with Arkansas a part of it.
1813 - Peel, Arkansas , originally known as Need More, was at this time a Cherokee Indian encampment.
1814 - 31 December - Missouri Territory subdivided into couties. Arkansas then in New Madird Co, Missouri Territory.
1815 - 15 January - New Madrid Co., Missouri Territory, subdivided. Arkansas then in Lawrence Co., Missouir Territory.
Arkansas then in Lawrence Co., Missouri Territory.
1819 - July 4 - Missouri Territory subdivided. Arkansas Territory created and encompassed Lawrence Co.
1820 - Yellville, originally Shawneetown, a Shawnee Indian encampment by this time.
1823 - 1 November - Carroll Co., Arkansas Territory, created from Lawrence Co., Arkansas Territory.
1824 - September - The Great Flood of White River - highest in recorded history.
1825 - 2 October - Lawrence Co., Arkansas Territory, subdivided. Izard Co., Arkansas Territory, one of the counties created.
1830 - Approximate beginning of the City of Flippin.
1833 - 13 November - The Great Meteoric Display over White River. Seen as far away as Kansas City KS, Memphis TN, and St. Louis MO.
1835 - 3 November - Searcy Co., Arkansas Territory, created from Izard Co., Arkansas Territory.
1836 - 15 June - Arkansas Territory granted Statehood.
1836 - 29 September - Name of Searcy Co. AR changed to Marion Co. AR.
1838 - 28 September - Captain John Benge Route of Trail of Tears left Fort Payne AL with 959 Cherokee and 144 Negroes.
1838 -13 December - Searcy Co. AR recreated out of southern part of Marion Co. AR.
1838 - December - During the Christmas season, the Benge Route of the Trail of Tears, having crossed the Mississippi River south of Cape Girardeau and walked to Batesville AR, traveled up the Old Military Road on the north side of White River to what is now Denton Ferry Road in Baxter Co. Crossed White River above Cotter AR, walked through Flippin Barrens and what is today Summit, crossed Crooked Creek west of Yellville, and proceeded past Bruno and Everton AR.
1839 - 17 January - The Benge Trail of Tears arrived in Indian Territory (now Talequah OK) with a head count of 1132. Captain Benge reported one birth and 33 deaths during the 106-day walk.
1840 - Probable beginning of Bruno.
1840 - Probable beginning of Dubuque, which was named June 1851.
1844 - May - Great Freshet on White River. A few feet lower than the 1824 flood.
1844 - June - "June Fight of 1844" opened the Tuft - King - Everett War. Also known as the Tuft - Everett Feud or the Marion Co. War.
1845 - Hansford "Hamp" Tuft donated nine acres for the site of City of Yellville near Shawneetown.
1848 - 9 October - Second big fight of the Tuft - King - Everett War.
1849 - 31 August - The Kings, followers of the Tufts, were ambushed by the Everetts and their followers. Three Kings were slain.
1849 - 16 September - John Seldon Roane, Governor of Arkansas, ordered State Militia to Marion Co. AR to end "flagrant violations of the Law." Only time in history the State Militia was sent to Marion Co. AR.
1849 - 27 September - David Walker, Arkansas Supreme Court Judge, ordered arrests of the eight Everett men involved in the ambush of the Kings as well as the 11 Everett men who "did counsel [sic], advise and encourage" the killing of the Kings.
1850 - September - Murder in Yellville of Hansford "Hamp" Tuft ended the Tuft - King - Everett War.
1850 - Approximate beginning of Old Buffalo City.
1854 - Approximate beginning of Eros.
1857 - April - Departure of the Fancher Wagon Train from Benton Co. AR headed for California.
1857 - 7 - 11 September - Mountain Meadow Massacre in Utah Territory. Two brothers from Marion Co. slain.
1861 - 1 June - Arkansas State Legislature adopted (by a one-vote majority) the Constitution of the Confederate States of America, thus seceding from the United States of America.
1861-1865 - Marion Co. courthouse at Yellville burned at least twice.
1862 - April - Salt peter works at Bean Cave damaged and outbuildings burned.
1862 - November - Salt peter works at Dubuque and Bean Cave destroyed.
1869 - 9 April - Boone Co. AR created from eastern portion of Carroll Co. AR and a narrow strip of the western portion of Marion Co. AR.
1870 - Approximate beginning of Doddville, later known as Dodd City. Basically a mining town which no longer exists except for its schoolhouse.
1870 - Approximate date Stringtown, so called because it was strung out along the north bank of Crooked Creek, was renamed Powell.
1870 - Approximate beginning of Orcutt Flat, today known as Oakland.
1872 - Yellville incorporated as a town.
1873 - 24 March - Baxter Co. AR created in part from Marion Co. AR.
1882 - Beginning of Rush and the mining era.
1884 - Zinc first discovered at Morning Star Mine at Rush.
1886 - April - The Mountain Echo newspaper began publication.
1887 - August - Marion Co. courthouse burned to the ground, reducing all county records to ashes.
1900 - Approximate beginning of Kingdon Spring, a mining town that was gone by 1935.
1904 - Included in the Mining Boom of the county, Considered to be the the peak of the era. Marion county had a population of 11, 377,
1904 - 10 September - City of Pyatt dedicated. Previously known as both Stringtown and Powell. Powell was relocated because of location of railroad depot and renamed Pyatt.
1905 - Stone courthouse built at Yellville, the county seat.
1916 - Rush became so large that a second town, New Town, sprouted up next to it.
1920 - Approximate beginning of the end of the mining era.
1946 - C. S. Woods Sr. created the City of Bull Shoals, formerly known as Newton Flat.
1952 - Construction of Bull Shoals Dam across White River completed. U. S. President Harry S. Truman dedicated the dam.
2004- Marion County has for the first time in one hundered years reached a population equal too, if not larger than that of the Mining Boom in 1904. Her population today is 16,268.SOURCES
"History of Marion Co. AR" by Earl Berry. (1977) 2002.
"Genealogies of Marion Co. Families 1811-1900." 1997.
"History of Boone Co AR" 2000.
"The Tutt, King, and Everett War" by Vicki Roberts & Mysty McPherson. 2003.
"Marion County - The Divided. 1861-1865" by Vicki Roberts & Mysty McPherson. 2002.
Manuscripts of Silas Claiborne Turnbo.
Mountain Meadow Massacre Association web site.
"The Mining Era of Marion Co. AR" by Vicki Roberts. 2003.
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BOOKS FOR SALE
EARLY DAYS AND WAR TIMES IN NORTHERN ARKANSAS." Thomas Jerome Estes. Reprint 1999 (1928). $5. HGSMCA, P0 Box 761, Yellville AR 72687.
Marion Co. AR and surrounding areas. Experienced researcher. $10 per hour plus copy costs and postage. Vicki Roberts, 2362 MC 5032, Yellville AR 72687 (870) -449-6195 aft 6:00pm CST. E-mail: Whiskers@yellville.netMarion Co. AR area. $10 per hour plus copy costs and postage. Experienced researcher. Mysty McPherson, 35 MC 6023, Yellville AR 72687; (870)-449-5223. E-mail: email@example.com
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The Bramble Bush is published quarterly by the Historic Genealogical Society of Marion County Arkansas, PO Box 761, Yellville AR 72687. EDITORIAL STAFF: Editor, Vicki Roberts; Design/Production, Mysty McPherson; Art Work, Bonnie Sanders; Queries, Mary Birrer; Subscriptions, Barbara Holland; Printing, Penny Pincher Printing, 722 Locust, Conway AR 72034; Contributing writers, Janice Mears. HGSMCA Officers: Chair Vicki A. Roberts; Vice-Chair, Mysty McPherson; Secretary, Sherry Berthot; Treasurer, Barbara Holland; Grants/Purchasing Mysty McPherson.